Timeline - GO DEEPER
||SHORT SUMMARY - how racial classification has
changed over time. Race is a modern idea that evolved out
of specific historical circumstances.
|origins of race, U.S. history, world history
Historical Origins and Development of Racism
||ARTICLE BY GEORGE FREDRICKSON - a brief overview
of the evolution of the race concept in the West.
|origins of race, slavery, racism, classification, U.S. history
by Historian Barbara J. Fields
||EDITED TRANSCRIPT - how race was created to justify American
slavery and how race, or racism, is inherently non-neutral.
|origins of race, slavery
Slavery and Race
||SUMMARY BY JOHN CHENG - Was it inevitable that Africans
would be imported to the Americas to become slaves? Did European
views about racial inferiority contribute to the fact of New
World African slavery?
|origins of race, slavery,
with James O. Horton, historian
||EDITED TRANSCRIPT - the fluidity of racial identities in
early colonial America, the long history of slavery not based
on race, how the rationalization of slavery continues to affect
|racial classification, law, whiteness, early racial identity,
with Robin D.G. Kelley, historian
||EDITED TRANSCRIPT - how did early American peoples see themselves?
how is race socially constructed? how is racism more than
just individual prejudice and fear?
|origins of race, anthropology, slavery, early ideas
with Audrey Smedley, anthropologist
EDITED TRANSCRIPT - how is race a modern concept? why were
Africans enslaved? What role did 19th century ethnologists
and race scientists play in shaping our understanding of
|Native American and American Indian, U.S. history, Manifest
Destiny, Indian policy, early English-indian encounters
with Theda Perdue, historian
||EDITED TRANSCRIPT - how have ideas of race changed and affected
the treatment of Native Americans and the self-identity of
tribes like the Cherokee - from the early encounter with British
colonists to today?
|freedom, slavery, origins of race, early colonial history,
with Ira Berlin, historian
||EDITED TRANSCRIPT - what was early colonial Virginia like?
how are race and freedom tied together? what is the tension
in American history with regard to race?
|origins of race, slavery
Origin of the Idea of Race
||ARTICLE BY AUDREY SMEDLEY - how race was institutionalized
in the 19th century as a worldview, a set of cultural attitudes
and assumptions about human group differences.
|Native American and American Indian, U.S. history, early
with Karen Ordahl Kupperman, historian
||EDITED TRANSCRIPT - how did the English and Native peoples
of America view themselves and each other at the time of their
first encounter? Why did the English colonize North America?
|anthropology, ethnology, world's fairs, U.S. history, Filipinos,
Robert Rydell, historian
||EDITED TRANSCRIPT - what do the world's fairs tell us about
our ideas of race? How did Americans at the start of the 20th
century view themselves and others? Why were indigenous peoples
from around the world put on display?