BAIKAL MUSEUM COMPLEX
N T R O D U C T I O N
Baikal Museum Complex houses a vast collection of exhibits, illustrations,
and scientific information concerning Lake Baikal (the largest
fresh water lake in the world) and the surrounding region made
and collected by Baikal experts. Some items of interest are the
fantastic animals that live only in the waters of the "sacred
sea" (the local name of Baikal), the interesting world of
insects, numerous examples of fauna, and the history of Lake Baikal.
The Museum also has a unique collection of pictures by B. Lebedinsky,
an Irkutsk artist.
Baikal Museum Complex began with the founding of the Department
of Invertebrate Zoology in 1919. The Museum was organized by Prof.
B. Svarchevsky and later Prof. M. Kozhov, one of the greatest
Baikal experts, who contributed enormously to the museum's development.
The entomology collection of the Museum began in the late 1940s
due to the efforts of Prof. D. Flyorov and his staff. At
present the Museum Complex consists of the Baikal Museum named
after Prof. M. Kozhov, the Museum of Invertebrates named after
B. Svarchevsky, the Entomological Room and Prof. M. Kozhov’s Memorial
active scientific center, the Museum encourages education and
research and hosts scientific conferences and seminars. There
are more than 8,000 items in its collection, which are actively
used for educational purposes as demonstration materials. The
Museum also plays an important role in educating biologists and
provides its resources for scientific activities. Some topics
of interest to students and researchers are represented in the
following list of lectures: 1. Baikal as a unique natural phenomenon.
Its flora and fauna. 2. Geological and climatic background of
Baikal. 3. Modern problems of Baikal. 4. The world of invertebrates.
5. The fantastic world of insects.