Medication may help
Although no medication is specifically approved to treat borderline personality disorder, a number of medications can be used to manage some of the specific symptoms or other conditions that also may be present.
Four types of medications, in combination with therapy, may help (from the Mayo Clinic):
- Antidepressants: For feelings of depression, anger, impulsiveness, moodiness, or hopelessness
- Mood stabilizers: For balancing out mood swings and reducing impulsive or aggressive behavior
- Antianxiety medications: For lessening anxiety or distress; they have been known to increase impulsive behavior
- Antipsychotic medications or neuroleptics: For regaining touch with reality and sometimes for anxiety or anger
Most medications have side effects and their effectiveness may vary from person to person. Sometimes a side effect outweighs the benefit of a particular medication. It’s important to be monitored closely by a healthcare provider when taking any medication. Finding the right type of medication and dosage may also take time.
When is hospitalization a good option?
Sometimes a serious situation requires a serious solution. If a person’s behavior puts himself or others at risk, or a person is unable to provide his own care, hospitalization might be a necessary short-term solution. Options include a psychiatric hospital with 24-hour inpatient care, or day hospitalization. Another option may be residential treatment, which involves a therapeutic place to live.