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Episode 2: God is a Negro
After Emancipation, minister-turned-journalist Henry McNeal Turner used  his faith in the will of Providence and the power of the black church to encourage political participation in the south.

After Emancipation, minister-turned-journalist Henry McNeal Turner used his faith in the will of Providence and the power of the black church to encourage political participation in the south. Turner, a popular preacher even before the Civil War, became the Union Army's first black chaplain once President Lincoln mustered black regiments. After the war, Turner, helped organize the Georgia Republican Party. Elected a state representative, but never allowed to serve, Turner's emphasis on black nationalism gradually alienated him from mainstream leaders but made him popular among the masses. Outside of politics, he and other church leaders put their efforts into church organizations. Grammar schools and universities, banks and insurance companies, printing presses, nursing homes and hospitals are all examples of institutions founded and maintained by black religious communities denied access by the society at large. Henry McNeal turner eventually became a bishop in the African Methodist Episcopal Church. His philosophy and teachings encouraged followers to find God from within, thereby raising their opinions about themselves and the black race.


Producer

June Cross is an award-winning producer with thirty years of experience in both commercial and public television. She was a senior producer for This Far by Faith during production and assumed Executive Producer responsibilities in 2001.Cross has worked for Frontline, CBS News, and PBS' MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. Her reporting for the NewsHour on the US invasion of Grenada won the 1983 Emmy for Outstanding Coverage of a Single Breaking News Story. Secret Daughter, an autobiographical documentary that examined how race and color had affected her family, won an Emmy in 1997 and was honored that same year with a DuPont-Columbia Award for Excellence in Broadcast Journalism. Cross's other credits include: Ashes of the Cold War; Showdown in Haiti; The Confessions of RosaLee; and A Kid Kills. Cross received senior producer credit for Living on the Edge, Mandela, and School Colors, which won the DuPont-Columbia Journalism Award for Excellence in Broadcast Journalism in 1995. Cross has taught seminars in ethics and the coverage of race relations at the Poynter Institute for Media Studies in St. Petersburg, Florida, and at the University of California at Berkeley, Graduate School of Journalism. Cross currently teaches documentary production and TV News at the Columbia School of Journalism.

Credits
PRODUCER:
June Cross

EDITOR:
Tracy Baumgardner

NARRATOR:
Lorraine Toussaint

ASSOCIATE PRODUCER:
Sharon A. La Cruise

DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY:
Gary Henoch

VIDEOGRAPHERS:
John Baynard
Kevin Greer Raullerson
Tony Smalls

ORIGINAL MUSIC:
Waldron Ricks

DIRECTOR, REENACTMENTS:
Regge Life

O.L. DUKE:
As Henry McNeal Turner

SOUND RECORDISTS:
Steve Bores
Dwight Brown
Augusto Gomez
Peter Redding
Juan Rodriguez

ASSISTANT CAMERA:
Matt Thurber - Film

GAFFERS:
Ben Gaskin
Dave Margolis

GRIPS:
Michael Akins
Bobby Bobb
Jon Ladd
Bobby Tomkins

BEST BOY ELECTRIC:
Shelly Baldwin
Mark Casey

BEST BOY GRIP:
Eric Komar
Michael Sutterfield

ADDITIONAL VOICES:
James Balls
Charles Ellis
Carl Foster
Ronald Murphy
Tanayi Seabrook
Larry Storch
Marcus Walker
Logan Williams

PRODUCTION ASSISTANTS:
Arda Collins
Talibah Kennedy
Michael May

FIELD PRODUCTIONS ASSISTANTS:
Byron Bowers
Todd Foreman
Jean Marc Madelon
Lance Megginson
Dale Robinson
Deidre Walker

RESEARCHERS:
Sharon Clarke
Mario Valdes
Jeanette Woods

INTERNS:
Michael Beckett
Peter Conlan
Judi Kelemen
Ratoya Pilgrim
Sarah Robbat
Justine Sadoff

MAKE-UP/HAIR:
Patrice Coleman
Sherryn Lynne Smith

MAKE-UP/HAIR ASSISTANT:
Rita Clayton
Jeni Zaharian

COSTUMES:
Jeanette Guillermo
Sherryn Lynne Smith

SET DRESSER:
Wendy Joseph

ACADEMIC ADVISOR:
Stephen Ward Angell

ASSISTANT EDITORS:
James Balls
Barnard Jaffier

ONLINE EDITOR:
Tony Black

AUDIO POST PRODUCTION:
Dennis Jacobsen

FILM TRANSFERS:
Medallion-PFA Film & Video

TRANSCRIPTION:
Johanna Kovitz

ARCHIVES:
Abbeville Chamber of Commerce
African Methodist Episcopal Church
American Bible Society
American Experience/PBS
Archive Films/Getty Images
Father Aritzi, S.J., St. Brigid's Catholic Church, Los Angeles
The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution
Atlanta History Center
Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
The Beehive Foundation
Boston Public Library, Print Department
Sara J. Bumbary
Charleston Area, Convention and Visitor's Bureau
Chicago Historical Society
Chicago Public Library
Divinity School Library, Duke University
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, NPS
Michael Escoffery/Art Resource, NY
Greg French
Frontline/PBS
Georgia Department of Natural Resources
Georgia Historical Society
Georgia Public Broadcasting
Billy Graham Center Museum
James Gurney/NGS Image Collection
Hampton University Archives
Harvard College Library
Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
ITN Archives
Kansas State Historical Society
William Loren Katz Collection
Robert Lentz
Library of Congress, Motion Picture Division
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
James Mathews
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
Mystic Seaport, Mystic Connecticut
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center, Wilberforce, Ohio
National Archives and Records Administration
National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
The New-York Historical Society
Office of Georgia Secretary of State
Ohio Historical Society
The Penn School Collection, Penn Center, Inc. St. Helena Island, SC
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, NYPL
South Carolina Historical Society
Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, UNC at Chapel Hill
Special Collections & Preservations, Chicago Public Library
University of Georgia, WSB Newsfilm Collection
U.S. Army Military History Institute
Valentine Museum, Richmond History Center
Washington Memorial Library, Macon, Georgia
Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio
WGBH-TV
Wilberforce University Archives

SPECIAL THANKS :
1st South Carolina USCT
102nd USCT Company "B"
Abbeville Chamber of Commerce
Sara J. Bumbary
Dr. Dennis Dickerson
Dr. Lawrence C. Howard
Reverend Lewis Logan
St. Philip A.M.E. Church
St. Philip's Monumental AME Church
Turner Theological Seminary
United Churches of East Macon




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