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From John Hope Franklin's "From Slavery to Freedom" to Breena Clarke's "River, Cross My Heart" and multiple PBS documentaries in between, dive into some off-line resources for expanding your knowledge of African American history and culture.

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Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience
Kwame Anthony Appiah, Henry Louis, Jr. Gates (Editor)
Basic Civitas Books 1999
An exhaustive collection of the history and achievements of people of African descent assembled by the world's leading black scholars.

Ain't I a Woman?: Black Women and Feminism
bell hooks
South End Press, 1981
An examination of how African American history has affected treatment of African American women.

At the Hands of Persons Unknown : The Lynching of Black America
Philip Dray
Random House 2002
Author Philip Dray uses the records of the Tuskegee Institute to show how lynchings of African Americans were used to maintain the power of whites in the Deep South for nearly a century.

The Autobiography of Malcolm X
Malcolm X
African American Images 1989
In this classic memoir, Malcolm X recounts to Alex Haley his journey from petty criminal to articulate political activist and leader.

The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr
By Clayborne Carson (Editor), Martin Luther, Jr. King
Warner Books 2001
Stanford University historian Clayborne Carson, director of the Martin Luther King Papers Project, has assembled the civil rights leader's essays, notes, letters, speeches, and sermons to form this indispensable posthumous autobiography.

Toni Morrison
Plume 1998
In this Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, Toni Morrison tells the tale of a murdered child who haunts the home of a former slave.

The Envy of the World : On Being a Black Man in America
Ellis Cose
Washington Square Press 2002
Newsweek contributing editor and columnist Ellis Cose chronicles the varied experiences of African American men - from Harvard University's Henry Louis Gates, Jr. to Harlem teenager Antwan Allen.

From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans
John Hope Franklin, Alfred A. Moss
McGraw Hill College Div., 1994
For over 50 years, the authoritative history of African Americans.

The Harlem Renaissance : Hub of African American Culture, 1920-1930
Steven Watson
Pantheon Books, 1995
Explore one of America's richest artistic and intellectual movements in this illustrated history of the Harlem Renaissance.

The Harvard Guide to African-American History
Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham (Editor-in-Chief)
Harvard University Press, 2001
Compiled by the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute, this guide is an essential reference tool to the photo archives, autobiographies, film repositories and manuscript archives that can provide materials to cover more than 500 years of African American history.

I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
Maya Angelou
Random House, 1996
This autobiography of one of America's greatest poets recounts how lessons learned from a black community in Arkansas contained wisdom for a lifetime.

Invisible Man
Ralph Ellison
Random House, 2002
This 1952 classic tells the tale of one young black man's experiences with racial intolerance and learning to survive as "an invisible man."

Mis-Education of the Negro
Carter Godwin Woodson
Africa World Press, 1990
Historian Carter Woodson, the founder of the holiday later to become Black History Month, explains in this 1933 seminal work the power of education in preserving ethnic identity.

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass, John R. McKivigan (Editor), Peter P. Hinks (Editor)
Yale University Press, 2001
A revealing look at one of the most turbulent periods of American history, Frederick Douglass's Narrative traces his rise from slavery to become the country's most influential and outspoken abolitionist.

Native Son
Richard Wright
Buccaneer Books, 1997
Heralded as the first novel to depict the effects of race relations in modern U.S. society, Native Son tells the tale of Chicago criminal Bigger Thomas's slow descent into despair.

The New Negro : An Interpretation
Alain Locke (Editor)
Ayer Co Pub., 1968
An anthology of literary works, as chosen by intellectual Alain Locke, that served as a philosophical declaration for the New Negro Movement and, later, the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s.

The Promised Land : The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America
Nicholas Lemann
Vintage Books, 1992
The authoritative history of the migration of early 20th century African Americans from South to North and its impact on modern America.

Roots : The Saga of an American Family
Alex Haley
Random House, 2000
Before there was the television movie, there was the book. In tracing the history of author Alex Haley's family, Roots takes readers on a trip from an African village in 1750 to a funeral in Arkansas seven generations later.

Strength for the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military
Bernard C. Nalty
Free Press, 1986
Trace the role played by African American military professionals in building an integrated armed services

A Testament of Hope : The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr.
James Melvin Washington (Editor), Martin Luther King, Jr.
Harper, 1991
These essays, speeches, sermons, interviews provide essential insight into the philosophy of the civil rights movement's greatest leader.

A Train: Memoirs of a Tuskegee Airman
Charles W. Dryden
University of Alabama Press, 1997
A former Tuskegee pilot recounts the experiences of the Tuskegee Airmen in overcoming discrimination to fight heroically in World War II.

Their Eyes Were Watching God
Zora Neale Hurston
Perennial Classics, 1999
This classic novel about the life of an African American woman in a small Florida town helped cement Zora Neale Hurston's standing as the leading black woman writer of her time.

Up from Slavery
Booker T. Washington, William L. Andrews (Editor)
Oxford University Press, 2000
This rags-to-riches tale by Tuskegee Institute Director Booker T. Washington was the autobiography that inspired black leaders from Marcus Garvey to Malcolm X to seize the call for African American economic empowerment.

W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader
W.E.B. Du Bois, David Levering Lewis (Editor)
Henry Holt and Co., 1995
A vast collection of the writings of the 20th century's most pivotal African American intellectual on race relations, civil rights and much more.

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Shop PBS National Geographic Television, Nature, Tigress Productions, Limited, Magic Box Mediaworks, Inc., 2001
AFRICA is the first series to explore the vast, startling, and astounding land through the eyes of its inhabitants - from a miner in South Africa to an eight-year-old boy on a Sahara salt caravan.
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Africans in America
Shop PBS WGBH, 1998
Witness the struggles of the African people in America, from their arrival in the 1600s to the last days before the Civil War. Narration by Angela Bassett.
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Against the Odds: The Artists of the Harlem Renaissance
Shop PBS PBS, 1994
Discover the vibrancy of the Harlem visual arts scene in the 1920s and 1930s.
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DreamWorks Pictures, 1997
This Steven Spielberg epic drama chronicles the 1839 revolt on board a slave ship bound for America.

The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pitman
Cicely Tyson stars in this award-winning television account of a century of African American struggle for freedom.

The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords
Half Nelson Production, 1998
Discover the history of America's black newspapers

The Civil War - A Film by Ken Burns
The definitive documentary on the American Civil War.

Color Adjustments
California Newsreel,1991
Marlon T. Riggs' acclaimed documentary traces the negative and positive portrayals of African Americans on television from 1948 to 1988.

Ethnic Notions
California Newsreel,1987
Filmmaker Marlon T. Riggs traces the history of the stereotypes that have fueled anti-African American prejudice -- from Sambo to Mammy.

Eyes on the Prize
Blackside, Inc. 1995
This is the definitive look at the civil rights struggle from 1954 onwards.

Tri-Star, 1989
Matthew Broderick and Denzel Washington star in this portrayal of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment.

Goin' to Chicago
Vertamae Grosvenor, 1994
A reunion of friends in Greenville, MI turns into a discussion of reasons for moving North during the Great Migration.

Goin' to Chicago
Vertamae Grosvenor, 1994
A reunion of friends in Greenville, MI turns into a discussion of reasons for moving North during the Great Migration.

Great Americans of Achievement Video Collection
Library Video, 1992-94
Video biographies of 22 outstanding African Americans, including Muhammad Ali, James Baldwin, Alice Walker, Malcolm X and Harriet Tubman

I Remember Harlem
Thirteen/WNET New York, 1981
William Miles recounts the social, political, and religious history of Harlem.

Jazz, A Film by Ken Burns
Ken Burns, 2001
This 18-hour documentary is the first television series to tell the story of America's greatest original art form.

Malcolm X
Warner Bros., 1992
The epic biography of the famed civil rights leader, portrayed by Denzel Washington, and filmed by Spike Lee.

Malcolm X: Make It Plain
Orlando Bagwell, 1994
Relive the life and times of Malcolm X in this acclaimed TV documentary.

Marcus Garvey: Look for Me in the Whirlwind
Shop PBS Firelight/Half Nelson Productions, 2001
Meet one of the most controversial leaders in African American history. From American Experience.
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The Promised Land
BBC/Discovery Channel, 1995
Based on the book about the Great Migration by Nicholas Lehman.

A Raisin in the Sun
Columbia, 1961
Film version of Lorraine Hansberry's play starring Sidney Poitier, Claudia McNeil and Ruby Dee.

Warner Home Video, 1992
The 1977 television adaptation of Alex Haley's classic novel.

Scottsboro: An American Tragedy
Shop PBS WGBH, 2001
The story of one of the most significant legal fights of the 20th century. From American Experience.
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MGM/UA Home Video, c.1971
A private detective is hired by a Harlem mob boss to find his daughter in this classic film by Gordon Parks.

Two Dollars and a Dream: The Story of Madame C. J. Walker
Half Nelson Productions, 1989
Filmmaker Stanley Nelson tracks the story of the first self-made woman millionaire. Winner of the CINE Golden Eagle and named the Best Production of the Decade by the Black Filmmaker Foundation.

A Walk Through Harlem
Thirteen/WNET New York, 2000
Join David Hartman and Barry Lewis for a tour of Harlem, past and present.

When We Were Kings
Polygram USA Video, 1996
Leon Gast's Academy Award-nominated documentary on the 1974 "Rumble in the Jungle" between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman.

Wonders of the African World
Shop PBS PBS, 1999
Join Henry Louis Gates, Jr. for a journey across Africa to trace the roots of this most dynamic of continents.
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