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Selma to Montgomery march

Timeline: Civil Rights Era (1956 - 1971)
Early Days & Slavery MLK at March on Washington
Building Democracy
Civil Rights Era
Modern Times

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Edward W. Brooke becomes the first African American U.S. Senator since Reconstruction. He serves two terms as a Republican from Massachusetts.

Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. His murder sparks a week of rioting across the country.

NPR Learn More: Martin Luther King, Jr. Investigation
From Talk of the Nation
Shirley Chisholm becomes the first African American woman to be elected to Congress.

Tennis player Arthur Ashe is the first African American to win the U.S. Open.

NPR Learn More: Arthur Ashe Stadium Dedication
From Morning Edition
Arthur Mitchell, an African American dancer with the New York City Ballet, founds the Dance Theatre of Harlem, the first African American classical dance company. It is now considered a cultural institution and a world-class company.

PBS Learn More: What is Black Dance?
Great Performances: Free to Dance

The African American business magazine Black Enterprise begins publication, aimed at the growing African American middle class.

NPR Learn More: Interview with Black Enterprise Executive Editor Derek Dingle
From The Tavis Smiley Show
The Rev. Jesse Jackson founds Operation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity), an influential movement emphasizing blackAfrican-AmericanAfrican American economic advancement and education.

PBS Learn More: The Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson
From Frontline

Filmmaker/photographer Gordon Parks' "blaxploitation" film Shaft appears, to be followed by a wave of similarly themed movies.

NPR Learn More: Shaft Commentary
From All Things Considered
Fifteen African American members of Congress form the Congressional Black Caucus to present a unified African American voice in Congress.

NPR Learn More: Black Leadership After King
From The Tavis Smiley Show

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