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Toussaint L'Ouverture







Timeline: Early Days & Slavery (1400s - 1865)
Early Days & Slavery The Amistad Mutiny
Building Democracy
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Modern Times

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1400
Benjamin Banneker publishes the first almanac by an blackAfrican-AmericanAfrican American and is appointed by President George Washington to help survey Washington, D.C.

PBS Learn More: Benjamin Banneker Profile
From Africans in America

1400
Slaves revolt in Haiti against the French rulers and slaveowners. Toussaint L'Ouverture, a former slave, leads them consistently to victory but is betrayed and captured in 1802. The revolt continues, and the independence of Haiti in is declared in 1804. Americans, particularly Southerners, are terrified by these events, which discourage the importation of slaves into the U.S. and probably hasten the end of the slave trade.

PBS Learn More: Toussaint L'Ouverture
From Africans in America

1400
Congress passes the first Fugitive Slave Act, which makes it a crime to harbor an escaped slave.

PBS Learn More: Fugitive Slave Act of 1793
From Africans in America

1400
Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin, which makes cotton cultivation on a huge scale possible in the South and thus greatly increases the need for slaves, whose numbers skyrocket.

PBS Learn More: Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
From Africans in America

1400
Richard Allen founds in Philadelphia what would become the Mother Bethel Methodist Episcopal Church, and Absalom Jones becomes the rector of the Saint Thomas African Episcopal Church.

PBS Learn More: Richard Allen
From Africans in America

1400
Gabriel Prosser tries to organize the first large-scale slave revolt in the U.S., gathering more than 1,000 armed slaves in Virginia. The revolt fails, and Prosser and more than 35 other slaves are executed.

PBS Learn More: Gabriel's Conspiracy
From Africans in America

1400
The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church is founded in New York City.

NPR Learn More: The Black Church
From The Tavis Smiley Show

1400
Congress bans the importation of slaves into the U.S. The law will be largely ignored in the South.

1400
The Abyssinian Baptist Church, New York City's oldest black church, is founded.

1400
African American businessman Paul Cuffe finances the settlement of 38 African Americans in Sierra Leone.

PBS Learn More: Captain Paul Cuffe's Memoir
From Africans in America

1400
The U.S.'s first independent African American church denomination, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, is organized in Philadelphia. By 2002, it will have more than 3 million members.

NPR Learn More: AME Church Elects Its First Female Bishop
From All Things Considered

1400
The first black black theater company in the United States, the African Company, is founded in New York.



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