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Berga: Soldiers of Another War
Stories of Berga What Would You Do? Timeline & Maps Berga and Beyond War Crimes
Intro POWs and the Laws of War WWII and Its Legacy
POWs and the Laws of War
Intro Traditional Laws of War World War II and Berga The Legacy of WWII

Traditional Laws of War
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Dead soldiers

Dead Confederate soldiers in the Battle of Gettysburg's "slaughter pen" during the U.S. Civil War.


Old cannon

A cannon used in the American Civil War.


While not specifically addressing the condition of soldiers captured by opposing military forces, the 1864 Convention on the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded on the Field of Battle set the stage for later conventions that would address the standards and laws governing the treatment of prisoners of war. Furthermore, it provided soldiers injured on the battlefield with some basic protections. This convention signaled the formation of the International Committee of the Red Cross and represented the first international attempt to establish standards for the treatment of soldiers by all military forces, regardless of their allegiance.


The 1864 Convention on the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded on the Field of Battle took the important step of providing soldiers injured on the battlefield with some basic protections.
At the same time that diplomats were seeking to establish standards governing the care of soldiers involved in armed conflict between nations, the United States Army was struggling to set forth a coherent set of regulations to govern the conduct of its soldiers in the field during the Civil War. At the request of President Lincoln and United States military leaders, Francis Lieber, a military and international law scholar, created, in 1863, the first comprehensive code of conduct for the United States Army. Entitled "General Orders 100: Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field," this document is more commonly referred to simply as the "Lieber Code."



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