Garden of Eden
story in the Bible describes an idyllic place called the Garden
of Eden. Despite many attempts to locate Eden and its four rivers,
no single spot seems to fit this description. Its name and the mention
of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers suggest that Eden was thought
to be in Mesopotamia. Places
similar to Eden can be found in several Mesopotamian creation stories,
such as "Enki and Ninhursag". The biblical story of God forming
man from dust is also similar to Mesopotamian myths written hundreds
of years before the creation of the Bible.
God planted a garden in Eden,
in the east; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Out of the ground YHWH, God made to grow every tree that
is pleasant to the sight and good for food, the tree of
life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the
knowledge of good and
A river flows out of Eden to water the garden, and from
there it divides and becomes four branches. The name of
the first is Pishon;
it is the one that flows around the whole land
of Havilah, where there is gold; and the gold of that
land is good; bdellium
and onyx stone are there. The name of the second river
it is the one that flows around the whole land of Cush.
The name of the third river is Tigris,
which flow east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the
YHWH, God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden
to till it and keep it.