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Laws to reduce Jewish influence

Constantine I, Roman emperor from 312 to 337 CE, the first emperor to grant full legal recognition to Christianity, was also the first emperor to limit the rights of Jews.

The adoption of Christianity by Roman rulers opened the door to a host of Roman laws governing religion: Christian, Jewish, Pagan, and otherwise. Pagan Rome had supported religious freedom for almost every group except the Christians. Christian Rome began to legislate religion, as can be seen in these laws by Constantine and his successor, Constantius.

Laws of Constantine the Great, October 18, 315
Concerning Jews, Heaven-worshipers, and Samaritans...

We wish to make it known to the Jews and their elders and their patriarchs that if, after the enactment of this law, any one of them dares to attack with stones or some other manifestation of anger another who has fled their dangerous sect and attached himself to the worship of God, he must speedily be given to the flames and burnt together with all his accomplices.

Moreover, if any one of the population should join their abominable sect and attend their meetings, he will bear with them the deserved penalties.
In a subsequent law, Constantine prohibited Jews from owing Christian slaves and from marrying Christians. His son and successor, Constantius, was a follower of the Arian sect of Christianity. He passed laws against Pagan practices, exiled Catholic Bishops, and extended the laws regulating Jews
Laws of Constantius, August 13, 339
This pertains to women, who live in our weaving factories and whom Jews, in their foulness, take in marriage. It is decreed that these women are to be restored to the weaving factories.

This prohibition is to be preserved for the future lest the Jews induce Christian women to share their shameful lives. If they do this they will subject themselves to a sentence of death...

If any one among the Jews has purchased a slave of another sect or nation, that slave shall at once be appropriated for the imperial treasury.

If, indeed, he shall have circumcised the slave whom he has purchased, he will not only be fined for the damage done to that slave but he will also receive capital punishment.

If, indeed, a Jew does not hesitate to purchase slaves -- those who are members of the faith that is worthy of respect [Christianity] -- then all these slaves who are found in his possession shall at once be removed. No delay shall be occasioned, but he is to be deprived of the possession of those men who are Christians.