They were joined by some men from the Aws
and Khazraj who had remained in their paganism. These
were the hypocrites who clung to the faith of their fathers
which was marked by polytheism and denial of the resurrection.
However, when Islam appeared and their people united under
it, they were forced to pretend to have accepted Islam.
But they accepted only to protect themselves from being
killed, while remaining hypocrites in secret. Thus they
felt inclined toward the Jews because they belied the Prophet
-- may Allah bless him and grant him peace -- and because
they strove against Islam.
It was the Rabbis of the Jews who would question the Apostle
of Allah and harass him. They brought to him abstruse questions
in order to confuse the truth with falsehood. Portions of
the Kuran were revealed concerning them and their questions.
Although a few queries concerning what is permitted and
forbidden were asked by the Muslims themselves.
(These are the names of those Jews:)
There follows a long list of names.
These then were Rabbis of the Jews, men whose malice and
enmity was aimed at the Apostle of Allah and his companions.
They raised questions and stirred up mischief against Islam
in order to extinguish it -- the two exceptions to this
being 'Abd Allah b. Salam and Mukhayriq.