the authority of 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him),
One day while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah
(may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) there
appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly
white and whose hair was exceedingly black; no signs of
journeying were to be seen on him and none of us knew
him. He walked up and sat down by the Prophet (may the
blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).
Resting his knees against his and placing the palms of
his hands on his thighs, he said: O Muhammad, tell me
about Islam. The Messenger of Allah (may the blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) said: Islam is to testify
that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger
of Allah, to perform the
prayers, to pay the zakat,
to fast in Ramadan,
and to make the pilgrimage
to the House if you are able to do so.
He said: You have spoken rightly, and we were amazed at
him asking him and saying that he had spoken rightly.
He said: Then tell me about iman.
He said: It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books,
His messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in divine
destiny, both the good and the evil thereof.
He said You have spoken rightly. He said: Then tell me
He said: It is to worship Allah as though you are seeing
Him, and while you see Him not yet truly He sees you.
He said: Then tell me about the Hour. He said: The one
questioned about it knows no better than the questioner.
. . . Then he took himself off and I stayed for a time.
said: O 'Umar, do you know who the questioner was? I said:
Allah and His Messenger know best. He said: It was Gabriel,
who came to you to teach you your religion.