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Law Grants Jews Rights In Poland

In 1264, Prince Boleslaw the Pious of Kalisz issued a charter to the Jews in his domain. This document, known as the Statute of Kalisz, put Jews under royal protection and outlined their tax obligations. Based on charters issued earlier in Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary, the Statute became the model for the status of Jews when a unified Polish kingdom was established in the 14th cen. These two articles from the Statute protect Jews against ritual murder accusations and grant them trade rights.

31. According to the ordinances of the pope, in the name of our Holy Father, we firmly order that henceforth no Jews in our domain be accused of using human blood, since according to the precept of their law all Jews refrain from any blood. If any Jews be accused of killing any Christian child, he should be convicted by three Christian witnesses and as many Jewish witnesses. After he has been convicted, he should be punished by the proper penalty for the crime committed. If, however, the aforesaid witnesses and his innocence exonerate him, then the Christian accuser should undergo the punishment which the Jew should have had to suffer, for slander.
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36. We also order that Jews may sell and buy all things freely and may touch bread as do Christians. Anyone who impedes them shall be obliged to pay a fine.