what became known as the Golden Age, Jews in Muslim Spain
were developing a culture parallel to the Muslim one while
at the same time sharing in the development of the land.
of northern Europe looked to attract Jews to their countries
to develop their economy by use of trade. European Jews
had little contact with the Jews in the east and so, developed
their own unique culture.
rulers who wished to dissolve the precarious tension between
their subjects and the Jewish merchants and traders chose
to expel the Jews from their area and forgo the economic
advance that the Jews brought.