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Heritage Civilization and the Jews
About the Series Historical Timeline Resources Lesson Plans Episodes
Timeline 3100 586 72 732 1492 1789 1925
A People is Born
3100 - 586 BCE
Pharoh and Map Early Jewish history is the story of the development of a nation and religion. From the time of Abraham to the destruction of the First Temple this history includes the lives of the early Israelites, the enslavement in Egypt, the formation of a nation with the conquest of the land of Israel, and the exile into Babylon.
c. 3000 Early Civilization

Early settlements in the areas of Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. Evidence of village life includes domestication of animals, agriculture, and crafts. Cuneiform, an early form of writing, is developed by the Sumerians.
c. 2500 Great Pyramids and Sphinx

Great pyramids at El Giza, Egypt, built by the pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (c. 2575-2465 BCE) as personal mortuary temples.
c. 2000 – 1700 The Patriarchs

According to the Bible, Abraham is born in the city of Ur in southern Mesopotamia and brings his family to Canaan. Abraham's son Isaac remains in Canaan his entire life. During a famine, Issac's son Jacob moves to Egypt with his entire family and their posessions.
c. 1280 Exodus from Egypt

According to the Bible, Moses leads the people of Israel out of slavery in Egypt. An essential story for the Jewish people, the Exodus is commemorated through the festival of Passover. Shortly after the Exodus, the nation receives the Torah at Sinai.
1250 – 1050 Settlement in Canaan; Judges

Conquest of Canaan and settlement of the land, divided among the twelve tribes of Israel. The nation is led by the biblical Judges, among them Deborah.
c. 1020 – 1004 Saul

The Prophet and Judge Samuel annoints Saul as the first King of Israel.
1004 – 965 David

David rules over a united kingdom, conquers Jerusalem, and enlarges the empire of Israel.
965 – 922 Solomon; The First Temple

The kingdom of Israel flourishes under Solomon, David's son. Known for his wisdom, Solomon builds the First Temple.
922 The Kingdom Divides

After Solomon's death (c. 922 BCE), the leaders of the northern tribes reject his son Rehoboam's claim of sovereignty and appoint Jeroboam as their king. The empire is divided into two separate kingdoms, Israel in the north and Judah in the south.
c. 850 - 725 Prophets Elijah, Amos, and Isaiah

722 Northern Kingdom Falls

Assyria conquers the northern kingdom of Israel; the ten northern tribes are exiled.
c. 627 – 580 Judean Prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel
612 Assyrian Empire Falls to Babylonians
586 Kingdom of Judah Falls; Destruction of the First Temple; Exile to Babylon

Led by King Nebuchadnezzar, Babylonians conquer the Kingdom of Judah. Jerusalem and the First Temple are destroyed and the people of Judah are exiled to Babylon.

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