INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LITIGATION IN UNITED STATES COURTS
Michael Ratner and Beth Stephens
WAR CRIMES: WHAT THE PUBLIC SHOULD KNOW
Eric Stover and Gilles Peress
HEARTS GROWN BRUTAL: SAGAS OF SARAJEVO
LOVE THY NEIGHBOR
WE WISH TO INFORM YOU THAT TOMORROW WE WILL BE KILLED WITH OUR FAMILIES
STAY THE HAND OF VENGEANCE: THE POLITICS OF WAR CRIMES TRIBUNALS
WAR'S DIRTY SECRET: RAPE PROSTITUTION AND OTHER CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN
Anne Llewellyn Barstow
FOR HUMANITY: REFLECTIONS OF A WAR CRIMES INVESTIGATOR
PROSECUTING WAR CRIMES & GENOCIDE: THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY EXPERIENCE
WAR CRIMES: BRUTALITY, GENOCIDE, TERROR & THE STRUGGLE FOR JUSTICE
WAR CRIMES LAW COMES OF AGE
BETWEEN VENGEANCE AND FORGIVENESS: FACING HISTORY AFTER GENOCIDE AND MASS VIOLENCE
General Human Rights Web Sites:
Maryknoll Catholic Mission
Command Responsibility Web Sites:
Maryknoll, The U.S. based Catholic mission movement includes: the Maryknoll Society (priests and brothers), Maryknoll Congregation (Sisters), the Maryknoll Mission Association of the Faithful (laity, priests, and religious), and the Maryknoll Affiliates. Maryknollers help people overseas build communities of faith. Some work in war zones with refugees, others minister to the sick, the elderly, orphans or people with AIDS. Through lives of service, Maryknollers translate the gospel of love into different languages and in different cultures.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The High Commissioner for Human Rights is the United Nations official with principal responsibility for United Nations human rights activities. The UNHCR Web site contains information about U.N.-related human rights conferences, events and meetings as well as a listing of councils and comitees. The site also hosts several databases including, a treaty databse, charter-based database, news room database and human rights education database.
Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch conducts investigations into human rights abuses in all regions of the world. This Web site provides the stories and findings the organization has made worldwide. Features include braking news, publications and a human rights-related events listing and photo essays.
Amnesty International is a worldwide campaigning movement that works to promote human rights, including the rights of prisoners of conscience, political prisoners and those facing the death penalty. The site provides information on the human rights issues mentioned above, as well as news releases and the organization's campaigns.
Lawyers Committee for Human Rights
The Lawyers Committee for Human Rights works to protect and promote fundamental human rights and seeks to hold governments accountable to the standards affirmed in the International Bill of Human Rights. This Web site offers features on major human rights issues such as the International criminal court and the Rwanda Tribunal, while also offering information on refugee rights, workers rights and policing.
Physicians for Human Rights
Physicians for Human Rights investigates and researches human rights violations and their health effects worldwide. This site is a resource for those interested in human rights health issues. It contains educational tools and materials for students, policy makers, educators and the general public.
Derechos Human Rights claims to be the first Internet based human rights organization. The organization works with human rights organizations in Latin America and the world and posts their most recent information to the Web. The site includes a "café" which contains resources and links to other human rights sites, as well as news links.
Human Rights Internet: Linking the Digital Divide
The Human Rights Internet (HRI) Web site is a portal for human rights. The site features an online resource, information and documentation center for human rights actors and organizations, as well as interested individuals, around the world. The site contains an extensive human rights directory, as well as an online database driven research center.
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
The University of Minnesota has created an online research center for human rights, containing documents in HTML, plain text, and/or PDF. Information provided include treaties and other international instruments, other United Nations documents, regional materials, bibliographies and research guides, human rights education. Refugee and asylum resources, U.S. human rights document, and links to over 3,600 other sites.
American Association for the Advancement of Science Directory of Human Rights Web Sites around the world
The AAAS Directory of Human Rights Resources on the Internet is an initiative of the Science and Human Rights Program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The Directory provides descriptions and links to hundreds of human rights organizations worldwide on the Internet, organized by site name, topical focus, and geographical focus.
United States Department of State Human Rights Page
This Web site, setup by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, and managed by the Bureau of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of State, contains information about the United States policies and reports on human rights. The site features fact sheets, country reports, speeches and remarks, as well as a report against torture.
International Humanitarian Law, including the Geneva Conventions:
International Committee of the Red Cross, Legal Section
This web site contains links to many of the basic international humanitarian law documents and treaties, there is also a link to an excellent primer on international humanitarian law, its history, the basic principles and the treaties.
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
This is an excellent resource for nearly all areas of human rights and international humanitarian law. There are links to the full text of a number of documents.
University of Bologna, Faculty of Political Science
This web page has links to a number of different sites, including some listed here. It also has links to academic research papers and other organizations.
Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the Washington College of Law
This homepage has links to programs, on-line journals, and links to other human rights web sites.
Karen Parker's Home Page
This web site, created by an individual provides in depth information on international humanitarian law, as well as country condition reports.
In a single year, the International Committee of the Red Cross distributes almost 200,000 tons of relief supplies, food, clothing, blankets, tents, and other equipment worth $140 million U.S. dollars to 48 countries, including $22 million dollars of medical assistance.
During the year 2000, Amnesty International worked on behalf of more than 3,685 named individuals, including prisoners of conscience and victims of other human rights violations.
Since its inception on March 1, 1961, the Peace Corp has hosted 165,000 volunteers serving in 135 countries. Today there are 7,000 active volunteers serving in 70 countries.
MADRE, an international women's human-rights organization, has delivered over $18 million U.S. worth of support to women's groups in Central America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, the Balkans, central Africa, and North America, since its founding in 1983.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) has been at the forefront of efforts to create the International Criminal Court, a permanent tribunal that will be available to try the most serious human-rights crimes, regardless of where they are committed. As a result of HRW's public pressure and advocacy efforts with governments and civil-society groups around the world, 114 governments have agreed to the treaty establishing the ICC, and 21 have ratified it.
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines has been fighting to stop the destruction caused by landmines since it was launched in 1992. In Ottawa, in December 1997, 122 countries signed a treaty that bans the use, production, stockpiling, and transfer of antipersonnel mines. To date over 142 countries have signed and 122 countries have ratified the Mine Ban Treaty