This is the official Web site of Lebanon's president,
General Emile Lahoud. The site features a detailed biography
of the president and covers the history of Lebanon's government,
both before and after independence. Viewers can also find
facts about Lebanon and links to other official government
Centre for Lebanese Studies, Oxford University
The Centre for Lebanese Studies is an independent academic
institution at Oxford University. Founded in 1984, its
objective is to contribute to Lebanon's recovery through
the publication of impartial research on public policy.
Current projects include the National Endowment for Democracy,
which conducts a series of workshops on democracy in the
Arab world, and the Prisoner Rehabilitation project, which
seeks to ease the integration of ex-prisoners into Lebanese
U.S. State Department's Profile on Lebanon
The site offers information about the U.S. ambassador
to Lebanon and provides a full list of Lebanon's chiefs
of state and cabinet members. Viewers can also access
links to resources for country profiles, such as the CIA
Fact Book, which provides a comprehensive snapshot of
Lebanon's people, government and economy.
Library of Congress's Country Study on Lebanon
This country study is a comprehensive resource for understanding
Lebanon's ancient and modern history. Several detailed
chapters provide information on Lebanon's economy, military
and government as well as on its ethnic and religious
composition. This is also a great resource for understanding
foreign intervention in Lebanon, including the terrorist
attacks suffered by U.S. Marines and the hostage crisis
in the 1980s. In particular, see the study's synopsis
of Lebanon's civil war.
Country Profile on Lebanon
The BBC's country profile is useful especially for understanding
the various types of media currently operating in Lebanon.
Find links here to several of the country's largest newspapers.
Viewers also can listen to historical audio transcripts
of BBC reporters covering key news events in Lebanon.
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State Department's Profile on Hezbollah
"Patterns of Global Terrorism 2001," a U.S. State Department
report, outlines Hezbollah's current activities, its ties
to Iran and Syria, and the locations of its forces.
Hezbollah's formal introduction to the world, originally
published on February 16, 1985, in the Beirut newspaper
al-Safir, is a manifesto. The statement provides
the first public expression of Hezbollah's ideology, including
its justification for the fight against the U.S. presence
to Syria and Iran
Published by the Middle East Intelligence Bulletin in
2002, this is a good resource for understanding the origins
of Hezbollah. This article also is useful for understanding
Hezbollah's evolving relationship with both Iran and Syria.
This CBS 60 Minutes piece, aired in April 2003,
covers Hezbollah's evolution into a powerful political
force and explores the idea that it has become the "A-team"
of international terrorism, more threatening even than
Osama bin Laden.
In the first part of this two-part article published in
the New Yorker in October 2002, Jeffrey Goldberg
discusses Hezbollah's future course and its current status
as a popular political party in Lebanon.
Around the World
The second part of Jeffrey Goldberg's New Yorker
article focuses on Hezbollah in South America and the
Hezbollah," NPR Radio Broadcast
In October 2002, on On Point, a program of NPR's
Boston affliate, WBUR, Jeffrey Goldberg and Senator Bob
Graham, D-Florida, chairman of the Senate Select Committee
on Intelligence, talked about the state of Hezbollah today.
This site is a free news service offering a convenient
aggregate of all newspaper and magazine reports currently
published on Hezbollah. Organized chronologically, it
includes mainstream and alternative press in the United
States as well as international sources.
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and Its Neighbors
The Council on Foreign Relations, a nonpartisan think
tank and publisher that promotes the study of international
affairs, provides background on the history of the relationship
between Syria and Lebanon.
in Syria and Iran
Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Robert
McFarlane, who served as national security advisor to
President Ronald Reagan from 1983 to 1985, appeared on
FRONTLINE. McFarlane discussed the role of Syria
and Iran in directing Hezbollah attacks.
In this March 2002 interview, Robert Baer, a CIA officer
stationed in Lebanon in the 1980s, discusses Iran's role
in funding Hezbollah.
of Israel in Lebanon
Online NewsHour's synopsis covers key events in Israel's
occupation of Lebanon, from before the occupation in 1982
through Israel's withdrawal in 2000.
at Shatila and Sabra Refugee Camps
Listen to BBC audio coverage of the massacres at Shatila
and Sabra, where Muslim refugees were killed by Christian
militiamen. This broadcast from 1982 highlights the role
of the Israeli military in permitting the attacks.
Jim Lehrer, of PBS's NewsHour With Jim Lehrer,
spoke with Israeli cabinet minister Yossi Beilin and Lebanese
ambassador to the United States Riad Tabbarah in April
1996 about the Israeli bombing of the United Nations camp
at Qana, Lebanon, which killed more than 75 civilians.
Withdrawal From Lebanon
This Q&A, published by the BBC at the time of Israel's
withdrawal from Lebanon in May 2000, presents clear answers
to questions about the Israeli occupation.
Report of Israel's Withdrawal
Listen to PBS NewsHour's audio coverage of the evacuation
of Israeli troops from Lebanon as reported in May 2000
by Lindsey Hilsum of Independent Television News.
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