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Andrew Joseph, STAT
Andrew Joseph, STAT
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One out of every two black men who have sex with men, and one in four Hispanic men who have sex with men, will be diagnosed with HIV at some point in their lives if diagnosis rates remain the same, a new analysis released Tuesday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows.
For white men who have sex with men, the rate will be one in 11 people, the CDC said.
CDC officials used the release of the data to call for expanded efforts to stem HIV transmission so the predicted rates don’t become a reality.
“The prevention and care strategies we have at our disposal today provide a promising outlook for future reductions of HIV infections and disparities in the US, but hundreds of thousands of people will be diagnosed in their lifetime if we don’t scale up efforts now,” CDC official Dr. Jonathan Mermin said in a statement.
Using diagnosis and death data from 2009 to 2013, CDC researchers estimated a person’s lifetime risk of HIV diagnosis by sex, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and state of residence. Overall, they found that the lifetime risk of an HIV diagnosis for someone living in the United States is one in 99, a drop in disease incidence from the one in 78 rate seen in 2004-2005.
Lifetime risk of HIV diagnosis among men who have sex with men (MSM) by Race/Ethnicity. Image by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
While studies have shown African Americans do not engage in riskier sexual encounters than people of other races and identities, according to the CDC, other factors could produce an elevated risk for HIV, including “higher prevalence within the community, which poses an increased risk of infection with each sexual encounter; lack of access to healthcare; poverty; and stigma.”
The analysis also found:
This article is reproduced with permission from STAT. It was first published on February 23, 2016. Find the original story here.
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