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So far, President Trump has signed 20 executive actions with wide-ranging effects within and outside of U.S. borders. With his signature, Mr. Trump changed policies on healthcare, immigration, oil exploration, abortion, federal hiring and trade.
Here is a look at each action the president took from Inauguration Day through Friday, Feb. 3.
20. “Fiduciary rule” delay This presidential memorandum delays a Labor Department “fiduciary rule” that was slated to come online in April. The rule requires financial advisers to consider their clients’ best interests before their own.
19. Reviewing financial regulations. This order calls for a review of financial industry regulations, including the Dodd-Frank law enacted after the financial crisis in 2008. The order gives the Treasury Department 120 days to produce a report on existing financial regulations, and whether or not they conform with the Trump administration’s “core principles” around growing the economy.
18. Cutting regulations. In this order, federal agencies and departments that propose a new regulation must identify two existing regulations they plan to repeal. The order calls for the cost of all regulations in fiscal 2017 to be “no greater than zero.” The order also directs the Office of Management and Budget to set a cap on the cost of new and repealed regulations in fiscal 2018.
17. Lobbyist bans. This order bans executive branch appointees from lobbying their former agency for five years, lobbying any agency while President Trump is in office and ever lobbying on behalf of a foreign government. It works by requiring appointees to sign a pledge which the attorney general can enforce with civil, not criminal, action. The order seems to remove an Obama administration requirement that lobbyists cannot move into a government job and work on the same issue they’d pursued as lobbyists for two years.
16. Reorganizing the top security councils. This is a shorter memorandum but it affects three significant security councils: the president’s National Security Council, Homeland Security Council and Principal’s Committee. The new configuration adds a seat at those tables for Assistant to the President and Chief Strategist Steve Bannon. And it limits the Director of National Intelligence and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to attending the Principals’ Committee only when it pertains to their “responsibilities and expertise”.
15. Plan to fight ISIS. In this memorandum, the president has ordered that a new plan to fight the Islamic State be drafted within 30 days.
14. Blocking refugees and all visitors from some countries*. The president, in this order, has blocked entry by any Syrian refugee indefinitely and has frozen entry for most other refugees (the Refugee Admissions Program) for 120 days. Additionally, Mr. Trump put a 90-day freeze on entry by people whose countries are currently considered high terrorism risks. Currently those countries are: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. The order does not specify whether green card holders should be affected, though that is how the Department of Homeland Security is enforcing the order. The order says that on a case-by-case basis, officials can allow in some refugees, including those who are religious minorities in their countries.
Multiple judges froze portions of this order, ruling that those en route to the United States or in the country now should not be deported.
*The language of this order was sent to media on Friday but has not yet been posted for the public on WH.gov. The White House did not initially respond to PBS NewsHour’s questions about when it may be available there.
13. Reshaping the military. This memorandum initiates a larger process of military review and planning. It does not detail specific changes to the military yet, instead directing the Secretary of Defense to review readiness and come up with plans to fix shortfalls by 2019.
12. Border wall. In this order, President Trump ordered agencies to begin planning and identify funding to build a wall on the Mexican border. The order directs agencies to begin planning and identify funding for the project, including sending requests to Congress. It also directs agencies to construct or contract out for more detention facilities at or near the Mexican border.
This order also directs the hiring of an additional 5,000 border patrol agents, subject to funding. And it requires that all agencies identify any U.S. aid funds that have gone to Mexico in the past five years.
11. Deportations and sanctuary cities. This is also a longer order with several major pieces. The president has directed agencies to step up deportation of those in the country illegally. First, he prioritizes seven groups of people for deportation. It is anyone: convicted of a crime, charged with a crime, who has committed a chargeable offense, has misrepresented themselves to the government, has abused a welfare program, who is under deportation order and who may “in the judgment of an immigration officer, otherwise pose a risk to public safety or national security.”
Second, the order also directs the hiring of 10,000 more Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents, though it states that is subject to funding. Third, it states the U.S. policy is now to allow local law enforcement officers to act as immigration officers whenever possible. Fourth, it orders the Attorney General and Secretary of Homeland Security to block federal grants from so-called “sanctuary” cities which do not enforce some immigration laws.
10. Review manufacturing regulations. In this memorandum, the president ordered the Commerce Secretary to begin a 60-day review of regulations for American manufacturers, with the aim of finding ways to speed up permitting and all federal processes for them.
9. American steel in pipelines. President Trump directed the Commerce Secretary to come up with a plan to ensure that all pipelines built or repaired in the United States be constructed with American-made materials “to the maximum extent possible.”
8. Speeding up environmental reviews for all priority infrastructure. President Trump ordered that agencies and the chairman of the White House Council on Environmental Quality work together to set up faster deadlines and environmental approval for “high priority” infrastructure projects. It gives significant power and responsibility to the White House Council on Environmental Quality chairman, who will decide within 30 days if a proposed project is “high priority.” (The president has not yet nominated a new CEQ chairman.)
6 + 7. Speeding approval of Dakota Access and Keystone Oil Pipelines. President Trump ordered that permits for the the Dakota Access Pipeline be approved in an expedited manner, “including easements or rights-of-way to cross Federal areas.” (Army denial of an easement was a previous victory for pipeline opponents.) In his Keystone memorandum, Mr. Trump invited TransCanada to resubmit its application for a pipeline permit, and he directed the State Department to issue a final decision on that application within 60 days.
5. Federal hiring freeze. The president has told agencies they cannot fill any vacant positions nor open new ones, with two exceptions: military personnel and critical public safety positions.
4. TPP. This memorandum withdraws the United States from all Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations and from signing the trade deal.
3. Abortion. President Trump has reinstated the so-called Mexico City policy, which prohibits federal dollars from going to organizations that provide abortion services overseas.
2. Regulation freeze. The president has frozen all regulations now in process (but not approved) until they are approved by him or an agency after he took office. This means any regulation signed by former President Barack Obama in his final weeks in office — including some that deal with energy efficiency standards — are on hold until they’re reviewed by Trump’s administration.
1. ACA rollback. Mr. Trump has allowed all agency heads to waive requirements of the Affordable Care Act to the “maximum extent permitted by law.”
Lisa Desjardins is a correspondent for PBS NewsHour, where she covers news from the U.S. Capitol while also traveling across the country to report on how decisions in Washington affect people where they live and work.
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