A growing body of research indicates that artificial intelligence systems used for job recruitment reinforce racial and gender inequality. Now, innovators are developing software that promises more accountability, and combats — rather than perpetuates — employment discrimination.

Automated technology already consumes much of society, from robotic arms working in factories to artificial intelligence used in homes. The next step could be programming ethics and morality into systems, creating a robot-human future. David Ewing Duncan, a science journalist…