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Murder of a President | Image Gallery

Garfield's America 1860-1880

In the last half of the 19th century, America underwent a series of changes. The Civil War brought tensions over slavery to a head, and resulted in thousands of deaths. Following the conflict, America's frontier saw new towns spring up along ever-expanding railway lines. A technological revolution had taken hold in the country's cities, with new factories employing thousands of Americans as well as a new influx of immigrants. Newly emancipated blacks in the South began to exercise their right to vote, but with the end of Reconstruction in the 1870s, their rights and liberties began to crumble under the threat of violence. Amidst all of this, James Garfield was elected president, bringing hope to Americans of all backgrounds across the nation. 

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