Rupert Blue was a physician in the Marine Hospital Service, the precursor to the modern U.S. Public Health Service. In 1901 he launched a public health campaign that ended a deadly bubonic plague outbreak in San Francisco.
In 1900, the first case of bubonic plague to ever be confirmed in North America was diagnosed in San Francisco. Scientists did not understand how the disease was transmitted but had long theorized that rats played a role.
Dr. Joseph Kinyoun was a leader in the diagnosis and prevention of infectious diseases in America. He created the Hygienic Laboratory, the nation’s first federal laboratory of medical bacteriology which later became the National Institutes of Health.
In August 1963, Edward R. Murrow, head of the United States Information Agency, began producing a documentary about the upcoming March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. But as the project neared completion, Murrow was losing a battle with cancer. President Lyndon B. Johnson tasked a groundbreaking diplomat, Carl Rowan, with seeing the project through.