In the first two decades of the 20th century, coal miners and coal companies in West Virginia clashed in a series of brutal conflicts over labor conditions and unionization that resulted in the "Mine Wars." The United Mine Workers of America had successfully recruited coal miners from Pennsylvania to Illinois and had established itself as one of the strongest unions in the nation. West Virginia coal operators, however, were notoriously violent towards workers' efforts to organize. The struggle for unionization included strikes, assassinations, marches, and the largest civil insurrection in the United States since the Civil War. Browse a photo gallery to see what it was like to work in the mines and live in these communities.
Discover the story of the Supreme Court’s first female justice. A pioneer who both reflected and shaped an era, she was the deciding vote in cases on some of the 20th century’s most controversial issues—including race, gender and reproductive rights.
In the summer of 1910, hundreds of wildfires raged across the Northern Rockies. By the time it was all over, more than three million acres had burned and at least 78 firefighters were dead. It was the largest fire in American history.
On June 22, 1938, 70,000 fans crammed into Yankee Stadium to watch what some have called "the most important sporting event in history" — the rematch between African American heavyweight Joe Louis and his German opponent Max Schmeling.