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Bellingham, Bruce. Little Wanderers: A Socio-Historical Study of the Nineteenth Century Origins of Child Fostering and Adoption Reform, based on Early Records of the New York Children's Aid Society. unpub. Ph.D. thesis, University of Pennsylvania, 1984. Available from University Microfilm Incorporated (UMI), Ann Arbor Michigan.

Bender, Thomas. New York Intellect. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Bender, Thomas. Towards an Urban Vision. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Boyer, Paul. Urban Masses and Moral Order in America, 1820-1920. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Brace, Charles Loring. The Dangerous Classes of New York and Twenty Years Work Among Them. Montclair, NJ(reprint): Patterson Smith, 1967.

Fry, Anette. The Orphan Trains. New York: New Discovery Books, 1994. For school-age kids, 96 pp. Ordering information: 1-800-848-9500.

Holloran, Peter. Boston's Wayward Children: Social Services for Homeless Children, 1830-1930. Cranbury, NJ: Fairleigh Dickerson Press, 1989.

Holt, Marilyn. The Orphan Trains: Placing Out in America. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.

Katz, Michael. In the Shadow of the Poorhouse. New York: Basic Books. 1986.

Langsam, Miriam Z. Children West: A History of the Placing-Out Program of the New York Children's Aid Society 1853-1890. Madison, WI: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1964.

Nasaw, David. Children of the City: At Work and at Play. Oxford University Press.

Nelson, Kristine E. The Best Asylum: Foster Care and the Family in the Nineteenth Century. unpub D.S.W. dissertation. University of California (Berkeley), 1980. Available from University Microfilm Incorporated (UMI), Ann Arbor Michigan.

Orphan Train Heritage Society of America (OTHSA). Orphan Train Riders: Their Own Stories. Vols I-IV. Baltimore, MD.: Gateway Press, Inc. 1992, 1993.

Parr, Joy. Labouring Children. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983.

Patrick, Michael, Evelyn Sheets and Evelyn Trickel. We Are A Part of History: The Orphan Trains. Virginia Beach, VA: The Donning Co., 1990.

Platt, Anthony. The Child Savers: The Invention of Delinquency. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Ross, Catherine. Society's Children: The Care of Indigent Children in New York. unpub. Ph.D. thesis, Yale University, 1977.

Simpson, Eileen. Orphans Real and Imaginary. New York: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1987,

Von Hartz, John. New York Street Kids. New York: Dover, 1978.

Warren, Andrea. All Aboard the Orphan Trains (for children grades 5-10) Ticknor & Fields, 1995.

Warren, Andrea. Orphan Train Rider: One Boy's True Story. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin Co., 1995.

Zelizer, Viviana. Pricing the Priceless Child. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

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