A New Offensive Threatens to Deepen Yemen’s Humanitarian Crisis
Yemeni women and children wait during food distribution in the province of Hodeida on May 30, 2018. Aid organizations warned that a new offensive on the port city of Hodeida could disrupt the entry of aid shipments and deepen Yemen's humanitarian crisis. (ABDO HYDER/AFP/Getty Images)
Yemen’s civil war has already led to what the United Nations described as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis — at least three million displaced by fighting, a cholera epidemic that is now the largest outbreak ever recorded, and eight million people on the brink of starvation.
Yemen has become a battleground for warring factions in the Middle East for the past several years. In Sept. 2014, a group of rebels, the Houthis, wrested control of the Yemeni government. By March 2015, a coalition led by Saudi Arabia, which views the Houthis as an Iranian proxy, had launched a military intervention. The resulting warfare has left the country in shambles, and Yemeni civilians have paid the highest price.
Today, June 13, the Saudi-led coalition launched an offensive that aid organizations warned will make the humanitarian catastrophe in Yemen even worse.
Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and UAE-backed Yemeni forces launched an assault to retake Hodeidah, a Houthi-held port city through which 70 to 80 percent of commercial and humanitarian supplies enter Yemen. Saudi Arabia has accused Iran of smuggling missiles into the country using the port at Hodeidah, according to The Wall Street Journal — a charge that Iran denies.
A Saudi-owned network reported “intense and concentrated” strikes near the port, according to the BBC. Yemen’s government in exile said its forces and the Saudi-led coalition’s troops launched the assault after “exhausting all peaceful and political means.”
But aid groups said the port is a lifeline for millions of Yemenis, who depend on the port to import food and other commodities. “A military attack or siege on Hodeidah will impact hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians,” Lisa Grande, the U.N.’s humanitarian coordinator for Yemen, warned in a statement before the offensive began. “In a prolonged worst case, we fear that as many as 250,000 people may lose everything — even their lives.”
A year ago, FRONTLINE’s Martin Smith was able to enter Yemen to see the consequences of the war. At one hospital, he met staff tending to severely malnourished children. A nurse told him, “For sure, it’s a consequence of the war. The war is behind the malnourishment. And it is only getting worse. The cases have increased. There is a food shortage.”
The United States, which has been providing the Saudi-led coalition with military assistance including help with targeting and refueling since 2015, warned against the offensive as recently as last week, according to Foreign Policy.
On Monday, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo released a statement saying he had “made clear our desire to address [the Emirati leaders’] security concerns while preserving the free flow of humanitarian aid and life-saving commercial imports.”
But in a report on the offensive, the International Crisis Group warned that the battle was unlikely to be either quick or decisive. “The most likely outcome” it said, was “prolonged and destructive fighting.”
Earlier this week, Defense Secretary James Mattis told reporters that he was in touch with the U.N. special envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, about how the U.S. might potentially support the international body’s humanitarian efforts, and try to “drive this to a negotiated… end of the fighting.”