a selection of readings

The Lessons of Somalia: Not Everything Went Wrong by Chester Crocker

Foreign Affairs, May-June 1995
The experience of US/UN forces in Somalia suggests several lessons about foreign intervention,says Crocker. And these lessons are more subtle and interesting than conventional wisdom on the "failed" Somalia enterprise. A lucid, smart overview.
U.S. Charges Relating to Osama Bin Laden's Connection to the 1993 Attack" hspace=4>

Based on evidence developed in its investigation of the 1998 bombings of two American embassies in Africa, the U.S. Justice Department indicted Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda's military commander, Mohammed Atef, on Nov. 4, 1998, for conspiring to kill Americans. The indictment included references to Somalia and Al Qaeda's training and support to Somali fighters.
Learning from Aidid - When, Where and How to Use Force by A.J.Bacevich

Commentary, December 1993
Comparing two of America's adversaries in the 1990's--Mohammed Farah Aidid and Saddam Hussein--the author examines why the US encounter with Aidid is far more relevant for understanding the future of warfare and military policy.
Did My Son Die in Vain? by Larry E.Joyce

USA Today
Joyce's son, US Ranger Sgt.James Casey Joyce, died in the October 3, 1993 firefight in Mogadishu.
Military Intervention in Somalia by Frederick Cuny, November 1992

Months before the 'battle of Mogadishu,' internationally-known relief aid expert Fred Cuny got caught up in the decision-making on using US forces to protect aid workers in Somalia. Cuny drew up plans, including this one, which were mentioned in many newspaper Op-Ed pages. Several of Cuny's recommendations - such as keeping US/UN forces out of Mogadishu - were tragically ignored.
Somalia Operations: Lessons Learned - Chapter III, by Col.Kenneth Allard

Col. Allard reviewed US military documents including classified materials and wrote this appraisal. This last section of his book summarizes the basic insights coming out of the Somalia experience.

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