the future of war
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guys running out of an apc
experts' analyses: Selections from  FRONTLINE's interviews with U.S. Army leaders and defense experts on key issues explored in The Future of War.

Is the U.S. Military War-Ready?

In September 2000, the nation's military leaders--the Joint Chiefs of Staff--told Congress that U.S. troops are in danger of losing their military pre-eminence unless the next president adds tens of billions of dollars to the defense budget or sets a less ambitious agenda for using the military in hot spots around the world.

who's the enemy?

At the heart of the Army's internal debate over transformation lies the question of its true mission: what will the next war look like, what will be the new kind of battlefield, and who is the potential enemy?

general shinseki's challenges

The factors and forces opposing Shinseki's vision to transform the U.S. Army are formidable: from the difficulties of changing an army in peacetime to the need for the cooperation of other services, from the obstacles inherent in the Army's bureaucracy, culture and vested interests, to getting the resources and money. Finally, there's the problem of achieving transformation within the limitations of General Shinseki's four-year term.

The Debate Over 2MTW

Since 1993 U.S. national defense strategy has been based on an ability to fight two major wars (2MTW) nearly at the same time. Here are the views of critics who say the strategy is a Cold War relic and no longer feasible given the increasing peacekeeping deployments, and the arguments of 2MTW's defenders who maintain that eliminating the 2-war strategy would compromise America's military pre-eminence and ability to deter aggressors. [An update: In July 2001 it was reported that a classified document reveals the Pentagon is ready to abandon its 2-war strategy.]

Task Force Hawk

The goal of near-term Army transformation is focused on avoiding what happened with Task Force Hawk. This was the Army's futile attempt in the spring of 1999 to get Apache helicopters--the Army's most fearsome attack weapon--into Albania so they could be used in NATO's war against Serbia's ethnic cleansing in Kosovo.

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