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“On the Frontlines of Maunakea” by poet Jamaica Heolimeleikalani Osorio

This piece was written by poet and activist Jamaica Heolimeleikalani Osorio on January 13, 2020 in response to the proposed construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) atop Mauna Kea, a sacred dormant volcano in Hawai‘i.

“Maunakea has inspired a mighty wave of protectors to save a sacred mountain. Within the movement, new songs, chants, and stories are being birthed.”

Ask me about the mauna ⠀⠀⠀
And I will tell you ⠀⠀
How every morning I woke to a lāhui growing
As if we were watching Maui fish us
One by one
From the sea … ⠀
How on the third morning I watched ⠀⠀⠀
As 30 became 100⠀⠀⠀
then 100 became 1000 ⠀⠀⠀
then 1000 became us all⠀⠀⠀
Each and every one of our Akua standing beside us

— Jamaica Heolimeleikalani Osorio excerpt from “Ask me about the Mauna”


On July 17, 2019, I watched alongside my Lāhui as 38 of our beloved kūpuna stood fiercely in their aloha for our ʻāina and were hauled away by State and Hawaiʻi County law enforcement officers. The Kūpuna had staged themselves in the center of the Maunakea Access road to block the transport of construction equipment up the mountain. Hundreds of thousands of people clung to their Facebook and Instagram live feeds while nearly a thousand kiaʻi, a sea of protectors, lined the Ala Hulu Kūpuna and flooded the pāhoehoe with our tears.

Just two days earlier, eight kiaʻi, myself included, had chained ourselves to the cattle guard on the access road to prevent the delivery of construction equipment. At 2 a.m I pulled on my cargo pants, my long-sleeve paddling jersey, and my hoodie with the words “See You on the Mauna” printed across it. In my pockets I carried only the essentials: lip balm, sunscreen, a vial of salt water from Kailua Bay, and a small bag of homemade cookies from my sister. Like most of my hoa aloha ʻāina I was severely underdressed for the cold. I worried that the midday heat would be too much to bear in my thermal gear, so underdressing was the choice many of us made.

The eight of us ascended the access road together; we were joined by Kahala Johnson and Mahea Ahia who were our primary kōkua (supporters) and protectors. While we crawled upon the guard and locked ourselves into place we looked up in fear as a patrol vehicle sped recklessly down the mountain towards us. Malia Hulleman and I had just chained ourselves to each other and the grate when the bright lights began to approach us with alarm. Kahala and Mahea bravely put their bodies between us and the oncoming officer just as we put our bodies between the mauna and any construction vehicles. Without their protection any one of us could have been easily killed or severely injured. These were the first moments of what would be our 12-hour standoff with Hawaiʻi enforcement agencies.

The steel cattle guard pressed against our thin clothing and brought our temperatures down at a dangerous rate. I remember shivering so hard that my muscles began to ache. I looked in awe at the mana of Malia, the wahine who laid before me. When we walked up the access road that morning we were strangers, but by the power of aloha ʻāina we quickly became partners and eventually each other’s family. So I channeled all of the warmth I found in her eyes into steadying my pulse. I wanted there to be no mistaking my convulsing body for fear.

We were not afraid.

We were resolved.

We were honored to be chosen to take this stand for our ʻāina.

We were just simply freezing in the cold. Then, by midday, we traded the threat of hyperthermia for extreme heat exposure. Many of us resorted to cutting off pieces of our clothes to endure the climbing temperatures. The only thing we were unwilling to do was to stand down. 

Frontline pilina in the malu of the mauna
by Jamaica Osorio

It’s Wednesday
And I find myself standing
In the shadow of a mauna that loves me like islands emerging from the sea
Like a sky scattering Herself in stars
Like a lāhui kanaka growing

I’m standing in the Malu of a movement
That’s captured an generations heart and attention
I find myself
My body
A kīpuka expanding
Into pele’s pāhoehoe grip
Holding holding holding my quiet

It’s Wednesday and I find myself
Without searching
Arms linked with a line of women
I barely know
But was destined to love
A line of women stretching back for thousands of generations
Pō, turned light,
turned puko’a
turned slime
turned gods in a time of mere men

Who more fierce then these bodies of islands
They bodies of women
These moku turned ‘āina
Spilling into our sea of islands
These hands stretched out
Feeding a generation
Accustomed to starvation

And then Aunty tells me
We are the generation they always dreamed of
So it’s Wednesday and now I am weeping
And every kūpuna that ever fought,
ever cried, ever died
so that we would know for sure how to stand
Is singing through me
And somehow
Somehow i am still standing
Arms linked in a line of women
Holding me
And all I have to offer them
Is this story
That is incomplete

The Thirty-Eight

Names of the peaceful protestors, many of them kūpuna, arrested by state law enforcement officials on July 17, 2019 for blocking construction materials for the Thirty-Meter Telescope from being delivered via Mauna Kea Access Road:

James Albertini
Sharol Ku‘ualoha Awai
Tomas Belsky
Marie Alohalani Brown
Gene Burke
Daycia-Dee Chun
Richard L. Deleon
Alika Desha
William K. Freitas
Patricia Green
Desmond Haumea
Flora Hookano
Kelii Ioane
Maxine Kahåuelio
Ana Kaho‘opi‘i
Mahea Kalima
Kaliko Lehua Kanaele
Pualani Kanaka‘ole Kanahele
Deborah Lee
Donna Leong
Daniel Li
Carmen Lindsey
Linda Leilani Lindsey-Ka‘apuni
Abel Lui
Likookalani Martin
James Nani‘ole
Luana Neff
Deena Oana-Hurwitz
Edleen Peleiholani
Renee Price
Haloley Reese
Loretta Ritte
Walter Ritte
Raynette Robinson
Damian Trask
Mililani Trask
John Turalde
Noe Noe Wong-Wilson

As kiaʻi, we knew that it was both our responsibility and privilege to lay our bodies down in the protection of our ʻāina. With the guidance of our moʻolelo and kūpuna, we also knew that as kānaka we had the right to lie in the streets without fear of harm, invoking Ke Kānawai Māmalahoe, the Law of the Splintered Paddle. When we asserted ourselves upon that right, we challenged not only the Thirty Meter Telescope’s transport of construction vehicles, but the State of Hawaiʻi’s marriage to its colonial vision of law and order. We lodged this challenge not in chaos but rather within the organized adherence to our kānāwai, our Hawaiian governing norms, that have existed hundreds of years before the State took its first stolen breath.

After we had laid there in the malu, the shade and protection, of our mauna and our lāhui for over 12 hours, the police retreated in defeat. Aloha ʻĀina had won the day; we committed to each other and ourselves that we would be back for as many days as we are needed to until the TMT corporation leaves our islands.

On that day our commitment and aloha for each other and the mauna sent a call from Puʻuhonua o Puʻuhuluhulu to our lāhui across the world to join in the protection of our sacred Mauna a Wākea in the face of the proposed desecration from the development of a massive telescope on its peak.

The next morning, our numbers had increased from a couple hundred to nearly a thousand kiaʻi ready to stand and put their bodies between our mauna and any acts of desecration. We stood proud, basking in the wealth and brilliance of our people. We also stood anxious, because as our numbers grew, so did the numbers of officers, and their weaponry and machinery. As we grew to possibly the greatest activation of our people since the Kūʻē Petitions in 1897, a mass petition drive established by Hui Aloha ʻĀina (Hawaiian Patriotic League) against the annexation of Hawaiʻi to the United States, we wondered if we would be met with force that we, contemporary kānaka, had never before encountered.

In the wake of our rising wave, the State had assembled officers from at least six agencies. And while these officers collected their weapons—riot gear, sound cannons, mace, tear gas, and wooden batons—our kumu, masters of ceremony, lead us in the kāhea, the call, of our akua.

So when July 17 arrived, our lāhui was prepared. As police detained our kūpuna one by one, each empty seat was quickly filled by another kupuna, until all 38 elders there had been arrested. The rest of us, their moʻopuna, gave the officers only our silence. Not even the satisfaction of our wailing grief would surround them. And as our silence grew, so did our mana. I watched as our collective pain quickly and intentionally turned to action. And when the final kūpuna were hauled away, their places were flooded with hundreds of mana wāhine supported by our kāne at our backs. And again, our people controlled the road, controlled our destiny, and continued to protect our ʻāina.

When the mana wāhine took the road, we remembered the teachings of our kupuna. We sang our mele, chanted our oli, some even danced our hula. We offered aloha and care to each other and the police officers who stood in opposition to us. We reminded them that we stood there for our children and their children. When the police brought out the LRAD / Sound cannon we passed around ear plugs and pule. We leaned into women we had just met sharing words of aloha and protection. We held tightly onto each other. We insisted that we would protect our lāhui as fiercely as we would protect our mauna. In that moment, we understood how the need to protect our people and our mauna were the same.

The next morning, the number of kiaʻi who gathered at Puʻuhuluhulu and Ala Hulu Kūpuna had tripled. Day by day, we continued to grow. Three to five thousand kānaka and allies answered the call to kiaʻi our mauna. The wealth of our mana resounded across the pae ʻāina while the State spent more than $10 million on its threat to remove us from our ancestral lands.

For the Lāhui
By Josh Tatofi
Lyrics by Hinaleimoana Wong 

E welo mau loa ku‘u hae aloha
I ka nu‘u o ka lewa lani lā
A e maluhia no nā kau a kau
Eō Hawai‘i ku‘u ‘āina aloha

E ku‘u lāhui e
Wiwo ‘ole e
Kū kānaka e
‘Onipa‘a mau
Ua mau ke ea o ka ‘āina i ka pono
Ua mau ke ea o ka ‘āina i ka pono


My beloved flag waves ever more
in the last year‘s heights of the sky.

Always and forever more in peace and tranquility
Hail your name, oh Hawai‘i, my beloved motherland

To you my nation
Be bold and fearless,
Stand as kānaka,
And be steadfast in your place.
For the freedom of our land remains always in the truth of our people.

And today our movements continue to grow. Our kiaʻi continue to govern the Ala Hulu Kūpuna with aloha ʻāina, in strict kapu aloha. Our people are rising like a mighty wave, and what we have accomplished cannot be cast aside. In less than three months, our movement brought thousands of people to the mauna physically (and hundreds of thousands virtually). Most of these kiaʻi had never stood in the Mauna a Wākea’s malu prior. That’s thousands of people who had never had the opportunity to develop an intimate pilina, a closeness, to one of our most sacred ʻāina.

Through our collective ea, our independence, our breath, and our commitment to aloha ʻāina, we brought these kānaka home. And in doing so, we have cultivated in our people an intimacy with a part of our ʻāina we had been strategically estranged from. We should celebrate the many ways our people are returning to an aloha ʻāina that are not simply political but are also deeply intimate and emotional. The growing intimacies between each other and our ʻāina is our greatest wealth because it is what makes us Kanaka Maoli in the first place.


And as we continue to assert ourselves as kanaka we do so through the greatest creative outpouring of our collective lifetime. Song writers, poets, kumu hula, filmmakers, and playwrights are all taking part in telling and protecting this moʻolelo. We are writing the histories of our time in our own voices, with our own melodies and dancing them with our own bodies, just as our kūpuna did for us when they composed mele like “Waika,” “Kaulana Nā Pua,” “Ka Mamakakaua,” and “All Hawaiʻi Stand Together.” Our creativity both describes and expands our current movement. Because of our commitment to the moʻolelo of our rise, our moʻopuna will sing, dance, and speak of the brilliance of our movement to protect Mauna a Wākea long after we have passed into the realm of pō.

Kānaka living around the world are also taking these lessons of aloha and pilina to their home communities. And so, as we continue to grow together in aloha for each other and our home, we must remember that it was this very intimacy of aloha ʻāina that pulled islands out of the depths of the sea, that called upon the great koa (warriors) of our history to fight against a variety of oppressive forces, and that mobilized kānaka opposition to U.S. imperialism and annexation. The intimacy of aloha ʻāina carried 15,000 Native Hawaiians to march to the ʻIolani Palace in 1993 in recognition of 100 years of being a stolen kingdom. In 2018, aloha ʻāina called another 20,000 to return to that march to celebrate the vibrancy of our resilience and resurgence. Putting this intimate aloha ʻāina to action today has resulted in similar uprisings in our communities in Waimānalo, Kalaeloa, and Kahuku and will surely empower the continued rising of our kiaʻi on Maui and Kauaʻi.

I believe it is only a matter of time until the Thirty Meter Telescope corporation packs up its bags and departs our beautiful home. But we must always remind ourselves and our opponents that we are not simply standing in opposition to desecration; rather, we are fearlessly committed to protecting our humanity and our ability to live, breathe, think, and act as our kūpuna have for generations. This movement reminds us that protecting ʻāina is what makes us Kānaka in the first place. From where I stand, that is the wealth of our ʻike kūpuna that we surely cannot afford to lose.

Jamaica Heolimeleikalani Osorio: This is the Way We Rise


(number beeps) (clapperboard clacks) (horn blaring) (heavy, dramatic music) (chanting in foreign language) - Ask me about the Mauna, and I will tell you about 30 Kanaka huddled, shivering in an empty parking lot, praying that La Hui would answer the call.

I will tell you about two nights, hot sleeping directly under a sky scattered in stars and air so clear, every inhale is medicine.

(horn blaring) How every morning, I woke to ala hui kanaka growing, as if we were watching Maui fish us, one by one, from the sea.

Ask me and I will tell you how on the third morning, I watched as 30 became 100, then 100 became 1,000, then 1,000 became us all.

Ask me and I will sing the song of our manoa hine, linked arms and unafraid, who stood in the face of a promise of sound cannons and mace.

(distant shouting) Ask me and I will tell you that I have been transformed here, but I won't have the words to quite explain.

I will say, 'I don't know exactly who I'll be when this ends, but at the very least, I'll know that this aina did everything it could to feed me.'

And that will be enough to keep me standing.

(simple, dramatic music) (flag fluttering) I think about my role as the poet, as having power to make people feel. (marker scribbling) If it doesn't bring a tear to your eye, if it doesn't conjure a memory, if it doesn't give you chicken skin, the poem's useless to me.

(marker scribbling) A poem is as good as it resonates.

And when I find resonance with people, I feel affirmed.

I feel a pilina with them.

Pilina is the word that we use to describe any kind of relatedness, but it also means to be like (claps) stuck to something.

I think we're starving for intimacy, generally.

As Hawaiians, even more so.

There has been this incredible disruption of pilina in ourselves, our land, and the people around us.

(simple dramatic music) (film rolling) Between 1778, when Captain Cook arrived, and the overthrow in 1893, we lost 90% of our population due to disease.

90% of our population just died.

That's an apocalypse. (planes whirring) The world transformed and the ones who lived struggled through this incredible transformation of land and resources and rights and privileges of living on their land.

- We are alive, people, leave!

This is our life!

(overlapping shouting) - Sellouts!

- So there is a history of exploitation that mirrors what's happening on the mountain.

(heavy, ominous music) For the last 10 years, a conglomerate was trying to build a telescope on top Mauna Kea.

This would be the 14th telescope on that mountain, built without the consent of the Hawaiian people.

Mauna Kea, the fight to protect her.

I don't think any of us are anti telescope, but I will say that Hawaiians understand that science that requires desecration is not ethical and it's not science, it's development.

(engine rumbling) - We are not American!

We are not American!

We are not American!

Say it in you heart, say it when you sleep.

We are not American.

We will die as Hawaiians, we will never be Americans!

(crowd cheers) - Raise your hand if before reading for this class, you had never heard of or experienced the wonderful, exciting trauma that is (speaks foreign language). It's a travesty the way that I grew up being taught about poetry because I thought it was the dumbest thing in the world, I thought it was useless.

I thought it was old white dudes meditating on their perfect old white dude life.

So why would that have meaning?

It's not relevant to anything I was experiencing, it couldn't talk to me as a young, queer, Hawaiian woman and helped me understand that I was okay.

Then when I was 16, a friend introduced me to slam.

(light tapping) And a whole new world of poetry opened up for me.

I was hooked.

By the time I was 18, 19, I was writing almost exclusively about Hawai'i, so colonization, the overthrow, annexation, the loss of our language, the loss of a lot of our cultural practices.

For a long time I didn't ever want anyone to read my poetry.

Because I grew up in Hawaiian language immersion school, my concept of my spelling and my grammar is like that (beeps) atrocious, and that used to really bother me 'cause I thought it meant that I was stupid.

So I didn't want people to read the poems.

I just wanted to perform them. (crowd claps) The sea is rising and in my tiny Honolu town, that means underwater homes, there was a wall of water, taunting my homa. (mystical, ominous music) And I was really lucky that got pulled into this slam poetry competition.

Three in life, we come in three stunners.

At the finality of the pattern, one stop, two think.

(gasps dramatically) One stop, two think, three!

(crowd claps and cheers) (dramatic, expectant music) Is there still a way out!? (crowd cheers) The poems were so close to me that I wanted to perform perfectly, not just to win, but to do justice to the poem.

At some point, it became really clear that I could talk about Hawai'i on a microphone.

And if I did it as a poem, people would listen.

Like I could get a lot of people to listen.

What happens to the ones forgotten, the ones who shape my heart from their rib cages?

I wanna taste the tears in their names, trace their souls onto my vocal chords, so that I can feel related again.

But our tongues feel too foreign in our own mouth.

We don't dare speak out loud.

So we can't even pronounce our own parents' names, and who will care to remember mine if I don't teach them?

This is all I have of my family history that's real.

And now, it's yours.

(speaking foreign language) Jamaica Heolimeleikalani Osorio.

Do not forget us, my poena.

(crowd cheers and claps) (cheering drowns out voice) Took 10, 15 minutes to write.

(resonant , ringing music) So the good poems come (snaps) fast.

They just fall out of you.

(pen scribbling) To write from a place of inspiration, it's fast paced, your heart rate shoots up, like there's actual adrenaline involved.

That can feel really invigorating.

I was really lucky to have a lot of those moments that I thought that that's what writing was.

And it made it really hard to have the discipline to keep writing when I didn't have pure inspiration.

I think that's part of the reason I stopped writing and performing. (slow, heavy music) Not only did it become kind of a chore and even a pressure to produce for other people, but I felt like I had run out of things to say and I had run out of new ways to say old things.

People would ask me to perform somewhere and I would wanna say no because I hadn't written a poem in three years.

(horn blaring) - So then, after months and months of waiting, we got the call.

And so our people, we packed up our bags, we stepped away from our jobs because the TMT was gonna start construction, again, on Mauna Kea and we decided that we weren't gonna let them.

So to block the transport of construction equipment, a group of us chained ourselves to the cattle guard on the Mauna Kea access road.

We've been here since about 3:30 this morning, locked in, and they're about to dispatch the police officers to come forcibly remove us. (distant, overlapping chatter) This is an invitation to share this message to come down and bring your mele and your aloha and your kapu aloha to come malama kia aina.

Malama kia aina.

(chanting) - It's already happening, massive civil disobedience, we cannot allow this to happen.

TMT must go away, TMT must leave Hawai'i.

(chanting in support) - My brothers, where's you hearts?

Let them be.

You choose money over us, kanaka ma ole.

How can you do that?

Look what we have to do, you guys make us do this!

Leave them alone, leave them alone.

(sullen, resonant music) (music drowns out voices) - Do a poem. - Do a poem?

Right here?

- Yeah. - Right now.

- Right now?

- Yeah. - Yeah, let's go.

- A poem?

- Yeah. - Drop it, girl.

- I got a long one.

- Yes. - Yeah.

- We got a long time. (overlapping chatter) (surreal acoustic music) - It's 1876 and David Kalakoa, not yet crowned, not yet anointed or kinged pens a song at the request of Kamehameha V.

(speaks foreign language) A new national Anthem, a new symbol of strength, a new promise to the kanaka maui of Kalakoa's generation that like those before, they will stand and fight for the right to noho au puni.

Today, we call this resistance.

- Woo! - Back then, we just called it pono. (heavy, dramatic music) Being there, I had voice again, I had something new to say.

I've written a lot of poems for the mauna this week.

I might just read them.

Ask me about the mauna and I will tell you the mo'olelo of eight kanaka chained to a cattle grate and the kokua that sat beside us.

Aunty says she sees hope in me, and I watch her overflow.

Says she dreamed of this day. (calm, tense music) When you write a poem or a song in Hawaiian, it's no longer yours, you don't have ownership over it.

It belongs to the person you write it to.

That's kinda the beauty in all of this, all the poems I'm writing, they belong to Mauna Kea.

To me, in many ways, they're all just the same poem.

Mauna Kea and are getting to know each other, you know?

It's like falling in love.

This morning, all I have is the magic of a mauna.

Caught in the sight of the sun as we are teased by the treachery of time, all I have is the honesty of this weight.

Weighing minutes stretching across the hardening curve of my spine, all my words caught in the cracks of my breath, hands curling into their own heat.

This morning, I have nothing here to hold you with and you still as constant as the summit with all your magic rising beside me, holding out your hands to catch everything I am, am and not quite yet. (resonant, heartfelt music)


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