Destination America
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When did they come?
1851-1860 Potato Famine

1861-1870 Land of Opportunity

1871-1880 Religious Freedom

1881-1890 The Age of Steam

1891-1900 Southern Italians

1900-1910 Russian Pogroms

European Emigration to the U.S. 1861 - 1870

Map depicting European emigration to the U.S. 1861-1870

The growing population of Prussia and the independent German states outstripped the available land. Industrialization could not provide decent-paying jobs, and political rights were limited. Dissatisfied with the lack of land and opportunity, many Germans left.

Many Germans were fed up with the lack of opportunity and the denial of political and civil rights in some German states, particularly after the failure of the revolutions of 1848. During the peak period from roughly 1860-90, there were only three years in which Germans were not the largest nationality among new arrivals in America. All told, five million Germans came to the United States in the 19th century, and today more Americans consider themselves of German ancestry than any other group.
Adolphus Busch

The Beer King. Adolphus Busch, from Hesse, Germany, set up a brewery in 1866 with his brother-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser.

Source: Destination America by Charles A. Wills

Sources: Busch-AP, German guide-Minnesota Historical Society-CORBIS, Fumigation-U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Russian pogrom-Bettmann-CORBIS, Ship-Bettman/CORBIS, Book & Series: Destination America

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