European Emigration to the U.S. 1861 - 1870
The growing population of Prussia and the independent German states
outstripped the available land. Industrialization could not provide
decent-paying jobs, and political rights were limited. Dissatisfied with
the lack of land and opportunity, many Germans left.
Many Germans were fed up with the lack of opportunity and the denial of
political and civil rights in some German states, particularly after the
failure of the revolutions of 1848. During the peak period from roughly
1860-90, there were only three years in which Germans were not the largest
nationality among new arrivals in America. All told, five million Germans
came to the United States in the 19th century, and today more Americans
consider themselves of German ancestry than any other group.
The Beer King. Adolphus Busch, from Hesse, Germany,
set up a brewery in 1866 with his brother-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser.
Source: Destination America by Charles A. Wills