European Emigration to the U.S. 1901 - 1910
The anti-Semitic violence of the Russian pogroms drove millions of Jews out
of the Russian Empire. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, people emigrated to
escape army conscription and ethnic tensions, such as the forced
assimilation of Hungary's minority groups.
The word pogrom literally means "riot" in Russian. Commonly, the term describes the
semi-official persecution of Jews in the Russian Empire that began in the early 1880s.
With their situation in Russia basically hopeless, many Jewish families left, the vast
majority intent on reaching America. Ultimately nearly two million people emigrated.
Victims and survivors of a pogrom against the Jews of Proskurov,
Ukraine, during the civil war that followed the Russian Revolution.
Source: Destination America by Charles A. Wills