Destination America
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When did they come?
1851-1860 Potato Famine

1861-1870 Land of Opportunity

1871-1880 Religious Freedom

1881-1890 The Age of Steam

1891-1900 Southern Italians

1900-1910 Russian Pogroms

European Emigration to the U.S. 1901 - 1910

Map depicting European emigration to the U.S. 1901-1910

The anti-Semitic violence of the Russian pogroms drove millions of Jews out of the Russian Empire. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, people emigrated to escape army conscription and ethnic tensions, such as the forced assimilation of Hungary's minority groups.

The word pogrom literally means "riot" in Russian. Commonly, the term describes the semi-official persecution of Jews in the Russian Empire that began in the early 1880s. With their situation in Russia basically hopeless, many Jewish families left, the vast majority intent on reaching America. Ultimately nearly two million people emigrated.

Victims and survivors of a pogrom

Victims and survivors of a pogrom against the Jews of Proskurov, Ukraine, during the civil war that followed the Russian Revolution.

Source: Destination America by Charles A. Wills

Sources: Busch-AP, German guide-Minnesota Historical Society-CORBIS, Fumigation-U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Russian pogrom-Bettmann-CORBIS, Ship-Bettman/CORBIS, Book & Series: Destination America

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