1670 Charles II signs "Charter of the Governor and Company of Adventurers of England Trading into Hudson Bay," granting the Hudson's Bay Company a huge swath of land surrounding the Hudson Bay. Prince Rupert, the HBC's leader, is named the area's first governor.
1671 The Wivenhoe and the Prince Rupert return to England from the bay with a boatload of furs, improving prospects for fur trade.
1676 The HBC exports British goods worth $650 and returns with a profit of $19,000.
1682 Prince Rupert dies. James, Duke of York (later King James II), succeeds him. The HBC loses four of its five forts on the bay to the French, retaining only Fort Albany.
1697 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville defeats the HBC ships Hudson's Bay, Hampshire, and Dering. Fort Nelson is burned. The Treaty of Ryswick is signed, giving the French control of all settlements along the bay for 17 years.
1713 Treaty of Utrecht returns the Hudson Bay area to Britain.
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