1754 Anthony Henday follows Saskatchewan River inland, becoming the first white man to see the Rockies.
1756 Seven Years' War begins between England and France.
1763 Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years' War. The French government withdraws from Quebec.
1774 Samuel Hearne builds the first inland Hudson's Bay Company post at Cumberland House.
1782 Fort Prince of Wales is captured and destroyed by France's Admiral La Pelouse. Hearne is taken prisoner. York Factory surrenders to the French.
1793 Alexander MacKenzie begins his expedition through the Rockies to the Pacific.
1804 U.S. President Thomas Jefferson dispatches Lewis and Clark expedition to Pacific Coast.
1812 U.S. declares war on Britain and closes border.
1814 Treaty of Ghent defines border between U.S. and British North America.
1821 British Parliament grants the HBC 21-year monopoly over fur trade in British North America west of Upper Canada. HBC controls 3 million square miles of land. George Simpson appointed HBC governor; he serves until 1856.
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