1835-1837 Smallpox on the Plains: an estimated three-quarters of Plains Indians die by 1837.
1838 British government extends the Hudson's Bay Company monopoly for another 21 years.
1841-1842 James Douglas establishes Fort Victoria at Vancouver Island's southern tip.
1858 - Colony of British Columbia created. Gold discovered on the Fraser River.
1859 The HBC retains territorial rights but loses license to exclusive trade.
1862 - British Crown takes back from the HBC all rights to Vancouver Island.
1867 British North America Act passed. Prince Rupert's Land, until now governed by the HBC, and the Northwest Territories admitted into new confederation.
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