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Cross-Curricular - Art
•  Protest Violence with Painting
•  Create a Dracula-inspired Travel Brochure

•  Design Propaganda Posters to Bolster the United States' Image Abroad



Protest Violence with Painting


The Activity

Show students where Sri Lanka is on a map. Explain that over the past 20 years, Sri Lanka has been the site of more suicide bombings than anywhere else in the world. To fight against the tendency for society to become desensitized by such violence, a group of local artists paint a colorful mural at each bombing site to serve as a memorial. Have students read the brief narrative and watch the slide show at Fighting Terror With Paint Brushes.
pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/srilanka/slideshow.html

Ask students to consider these questions.

  • What is the key message of the art of "road painters"?
  • Who is the intended audience for this message?
  • Will such street paintings have a positive impact? Why or why not?
Next, invite students to create their own painting to protest an act of violence.

Resources

Visit the "Sri Lanka: Living With Terror" Web resources to see the slideshow, watch the full FRONTLINE/World television segment in streaming video, read a synopsis, follow the reporter's diary, or gather related links and facts:
pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/srilanka/

Relevant National Standards

Visual Arts, Standard 3: Knows a range of subject matter, symbols and potential ideas in the visual arts

Level IV, Benchmark 2
Applies various subjects, symbols and ideas in one's artworks
Visual Arts, Standard 4: Understands the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
Level IV, Benchmark 1
Knows a variety of historical and cultural contexts regarding characteristics and purposes of works of art

Related Activities

This activity is part of a suite of activities developed around the theme of Conflict, Tyranny and Renewal. Additional activities under this theme include:

Coping With Genocide in Cambodia (History)
pbs.org/frontlineworld/educators/history_cambodia.html

Teaching About the Vietnam War in Vietnam (History)
pbs.org/frontlineworld/educators/history_vietnam.html

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Create a Dracula-inspired Travel Brochure


The Activity

To help fuel its postcommunist economy, Romania is capitalizing on the legend of Dracula, made famous by the Hollywood movie. To appeal to Western tourists, two towns have even proposed competing vampire-based theme parks: Dracula Land and Empire Dracula. What is the fascination with vampires? And how can a concept so creepy be successfully marketed to bring big bucks to Romania?

Show students where Romania is on a map and explain to students that they have been contracted by the Romanian government to create a promotional brochure that will draw American tourists to Romania's Dracula-related haunts. Pique student interest by having them take the brief online quiz How to Identify and Cure a Vampire.
pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/romania/quiz.html
Next, ask students to trace the origin of the Dracula legend by reading "Dracula: The Metamorphosis of a Fiend".
pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/romania/dracula.html
Students should then work in teams to design, write, illustrate and present their brochures to the class. Have the class or a larger group vote for their favorite brochure and reward the winning team with a creepy prize.

Resources

Visit the "Romania: My Old Haunts" Web resources to find the features mentioned in this activity, to watch the full FRONTLINE/World segment in streaming video, or to gather related links and facts:
pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/romania/

Relevant National Standards

Language Arts, Standard 6: Uses reading skills and strategies to understand and interpret a variety of literary texts

Visual Arts, Standard 1: Understands and applies media, techniques, and processes related to the visual arts

World History, Standard 44: Understands the search for community, stability and peace in an interdependent world

Level III, Benchmark 6 Understands the emergence of a global culture (e.g., connections between electronic communications, international marketing and the rise of a popular "global culture" in the late 20th century; how modern arts have expressed and reflected social transformations and political changes and how they have been internationalized) ---

Related Activities

This activity is part of a suite of activities developed around the theme of U.S Influence Abroad. Additional activities under this theme include:

Isolationism Versus Interventionism in the Philippines (Culture)
pbs.org/frontlineworld/educators/culture_philippines.html

Calming Tensions Between Arabs and Iraqi Kurds (Culture)
pbs.org/frontlineworld/educators/culture_iraq.html

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Design Propaganda Posters to Bolster the United States' Image Abroad


The Activity

Some groups around the world have an unfavorable opinion of U.S. president George W. Bush, and they use propaganda to shape how others view him. In your study of World War I or other conflicts in which propaganda played an important role, extend your discussion of propaganda techniques by showing and discussing these perspectives on President Bush as U.S. forces engaged in Iraq in 2003.

Story: "India: Starring Osama Bin Laden"
At about 1:13 into the story
In: "And I had arrived at a provocative time."
Out: "... the opera 'Osama Bin laden.'"
Length of clip: 28 seconds
Description: Images of Indian protests against the United States, plus a poster of President Bush with devil horns and fangs with the caption"Warmonger!"

Story: "Lebanon: Party of God"
At about 9:33 into the story
In: "They operate a satellite TV ..."
Out: Pictures of George W. Bush juxtaposed with Adolf Hitler
Length of clip: 27 seconds
Description: A Hezbollah television broadcast shows images of President Bush side-by-side with Adolf Hitler

Before showing each clip, show students where India or Lebanon is on a map. Then, pause the video on each image of President Bush and ask students to identify any propaganda techniques used. Who is the president compared with in each image? Who is the intended audience of the images? How might the use of these images affect public opinion of the United States?

Ask students also to speculate on what would be the economic, political and social consequences of anti-U.S. sentiment in Lebanon and India. And finally, have students apply their knowledge of propaganda techniques to create posters with messages designed to improve the United States' image in the Middle East and India.

Resources

The full stories referenced above are available on the Web on the streaming video page.
pbs.org/frontlineworld/watch/

Transcripts of each story are also available:

"India: Starring Osama bin Laden"
pbs.org/frontlineworld/about/episodes/205_transcript.html#india205
"Lebanon: Party of God"
pbs.org/frontlineworld/about/episodes/202_transcript.html#lebanon

Visit the Web resources for each story for related links, facts, and features:

"India: Starring Osama bin Laden"
pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/india205/
"Lebanon: Party of God"
pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/lebanon

Relevant National Standards

Language Arts, Standard 6: Uses reading skills and strategies to understand and interpret a variety of literary texts

Visual Arts, Standard 1: Understands and applies media, techniques and processes related to the visual arts

World History, Standard 44: Understands the search for community, stability and peace in an interdependent world

Level III, Benchmark 6 Understands the emergence of a global culture (e.g., connections between electronic communications, international marketing and the rise of a popular "global culture" in the late 20th century; how modern arts have expressed and reflected social transformations and political changes and how they have been internationalized)

Related Activities

This activity is part of a suite of activities developed around the theme of the U.S Influence Abroad. Additional activities under this theme include:

Isolationism Versus Interventionism in the Philippines (Culture)
pbs.org/frontlineworld/educators/culture_philippines.html

Calming Tensions Between Arabs and Iraqi Kurds (Culture)
pbs.org/frontlineworld/educators/culture_iraq.html

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