Background, Government, and Politics
This electronic networking service for sustainable development
in Nepal includes general statistics, demographics, vital
statistics, and information about the country's history,
cultural life and national emblems.
This directory of Nepal Web sites includes links to information
about the country's government and politics, its economy
and business, Nepali music, arts and sports, academia,
and Nepal-related message boards and chat rooms.
Majesty's Government of Nepal Development Directory
This directory includes links to Web sites about the environment
and conservation work in Nepal as well as to the United
Nation's Nepal country profile, U.S. State Department
reports on human rights, and World Bank activities in
Nations Development Report
Learn more about Nepal's human development progress in
the last 10 years and further challenges for Nepal in
this United Nations report, "The Second Country Cooperation
Framework for Nepal."
This is a directory of leading nongovernmental organizations
in Nepal committed to a variety of human development issues,
from health care and the welfare of children to Nepali
cultural and environmental preservation. Contact information
and links to Web sites are included.
Test: Nepal's Monarchy in the Era of Democracy
This article by Holly Gayley in the Harvard Asia Quarterly
traces the historical and political roots of Nepal's monarchy
and what Gayley characterizes as the monarchy's "capricious
relationship" with democracy. The author also examines
the events at the Narayanhiti Palace on June 1, 2001,
when a massacre claimed the lives of King Birendra Bir
Bikram Shah Dev and his heirs, then goes on to explore
the Maoist insurgency that is testing King Gyanendra's
rule. (Harvard Asia Quarterly, Winter 2002)
Rights and Civil Liberties
Read the watchdog organization Freedom House's report
on the state of political and civil freedoms in Nepal.
The BBC's coverage of the Maoist insurgency in Nepal,
which has taken the lives of nearly 8,000 Nepali in the
seven years since the conflict started, includes questions
and answers on the cease-fire brokered in January 2003
and a timeline of Nepali history and the conflict. Other
BBC coverage and analysis of Nepal includes a report on
the June 2001 massacre of the royal family in Nepal.
in Nepal Drive Down Tourism"
This New York Times article by Philip Shenon examines
the impact the Maoist insurgency has had on Nepal's economy,
including the 28 percent drop in tourism. (The New
York Times, Feb. 9, 2003; registration required)
Create Growing Instability in Nepal"
In this article, New York Times reporter David
Rohde describes Prachanda, "the fierce one," leader of
the Nepali Maoist insurgents, who have modeled themselves
after Peru's Maoist Shining Path guerrillas. He also examines
U.S. interests in Nepal and recent American military aid
to the country -- $17 million in equipment, training and
American troops. (New York Times, Dec. 29, 2002;
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Sherpas and the Mount Everest Region
This Web site is a clearinghouse for information on Sherpa
history, religion and culture as well as for links to
articles and organizations dedicated to promoting understanding
of the Sherpas.
For the 50-year commemoration of the first ascent of Mount
Everest, National Geographic writer T.R. Reid treks
through the Khumbu region, reporting on the history of
the Sherpas, their mystique in the West and their current-day
challenges. (National Geographic Magazine, May
The American Himalayan Foundation is a nonprofit organization
dedicated to helping the people and ecology of the Himalaya.
Founded in 1979, the foundation supports 27 schools, two
hospitals and 11 health clinics in the Everest area as
well as in Tibet and Pakistan. Read background on the
foundation's various projects.
The Himalayan Trust is a charity organization for people
of the Khumbu area of Nepal, close to Everest, and the
surrounding area. It was founded and is largely funded
by the famed New Zealand mountaineer and explorer Sir
Edmund Hillary, first to reach the Everest summit in 1953.
The trust works in partnership with the American Himalayan
Foundation on many projects.
This national mountaineering association of Nepal promotes
mountaineering activities in the Himalaya among Nepali
people. In addition to administering permits for dozens
of the country's highest mountain peaks, the association
operates various training programs, including basic rock-climbing
for Nepali youth and outdoor leadership for women. Read
about its many other programs, from its scholarship program
for children of deceased climbers to its environmental
This organization, based in Kathmandu and Lukla, is dedicated
to improving the living conditions of porters and mountain
guides, including Sherpas. It aims to be a new model for
foreign development by instituting a cooperative administration
staffed by porters; soliciting programming and policy
through input by the porter community; and eventually
having the program administered, funded and run by porters
themselves. The group also offers English language classes
and courses in altitude sickness prevention, environmental
awareness, basic health and hygiene, and community building.
The site includes guidelines for climbers to follow when
This Buddhist monastery is located on the main route to
the base camp of Mount Everest and offers the first views
of the summit.
on Nepal Mountaineering and the Sherpa
The Web site of mountaineering tour operator Himalayan
Trekking includes a list of suggested readings, with references
to some of the leading books on greater Nepal, the Khumbu
region and Sherpa life.
Buddhist Traditions and Cyber-Surfing
This article by Kurt Luger, professor of intercultural
communication and tourism at the University of Salzburg
in Austria, describes the changing Sherpa youth culture.
(Nepal News, Aug. 16-22, 2002)
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on the World's Highest Peak
Track the latest expeditions and explore Mount Everest
history and facts, including information about records
set on the tallest mountain on Earth.
Fifty years after the first successful ascent of Mount
Everest, the sons of the three celebrated Everest climbers
lead the way back to the summit for this National Geographic
documentary premiering May 29, 2003. The Web site showcases
various features, including an Everest timeline, photos,
travel tips and lesson plans for educators.
Expeditions: Mount Everest
National Public Radio correspondent Elizabeth Arnold interviews
Peter Hillary and Jamling Tenzing, the sons of Sir Edmund
Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, who were the first to reach
Mount Everest's summit. Listen to the full interview streamed
online, as the two men reflect on their fathers' achievement
50 years ago for this episode of Radio Expeditions,
a co-production of NPR and the National Geographic
This companion Web site to the NOVA documentary
chronicling a 1999 expedition to investigate the mysterious
1924 disappearances of George Mallory and Andrew Irvine
on Mount Everest includes portraits of the climbers and
a map of the men's route up the north face of Mount Everest.
The site also showcases key radio transmissions on the
day Mallory's body was found, NOVA team dispatches
from base camp and photos of the expedition as well as
an animation sequence on the formation of the Himalayas.
The cost of a Mount Everest expedition can add up to tens
of thousands of dollars. Read this dollar breakdown of
a typical guided expedition.
World's Highest Garbage Dump
This column by Bruce Parker, president of Environmental
Industry Associations, details trash and conservation
challenges on Mount Everest and the impact of a half-century
of climbing on the mountain. (Environmental Industry
News, Nov. 2001)
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This directory of Nepali nongovernmental organizations
is dedicated to improving the status of women.
Awareness Centre Nepal
This women's NGO based in Kathmandu targets rural, underprivileged
women with awareness campaigns, which include income-generation
training and literacy programs.
Pasang Lhamu Mountaineering Foundation
This foundation is dedicated to the memory of Pasang Lhamu,
who, in 1993, became the first Nepali woman to reach Mount
Everest's summit, but who died in her descent. The foundation
works to improve the situation of mountain women and children.
Report on Women's Leadership for Peace
Leading Nepali women representing various political parties
came together in 2002 to talk about a women's platform
for peace and how women have been affected by the conflict
between Maoist rebels and the Nepali government. The conference
was sponsored by the Centre for Development and Population
Activities and the U.N. Population Fund. Read excerpts
from the panelists' discussion and closing remarks.
of Nepali Women
Human Rights Watch investigated the trafficking of Nepali
women and girls in India's prostitution trade for this
1994 report. The investigators concluded that more than
20,000 Nepali girls and women were prostitutes in Bombay
alone, and about 70 percent of them, they believe, belonged
to ethnic minority groups, including Tamang, Gurung, Magar
and Sherpa. Human Rights Watch reported that the conditions
for the women were tantamount to slavery and that they
were subjected to serious physical abuse.
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Site for Nepal News
This directory includes a comprehensive list of Nepal's
leading daily newspapers, news portals, weeklies, magazines
This is one of Nepal's leading daily newspapers in English,
owned by the government-controlled Gorakhapatra Corporation
This is Nepal's influential radio station, controlled
and owned by the government, whose political coverage
favors the ruling party. Because of Nepal's high illiteracy
rate, many Nepali citizens rely on the radio as their
main source of information.
This independent community-based radio station serving
the Kathmandu Valley is the first of its kind -- nongovernment
and noncommercial -- in South Asia. Its programming, dedicated
to strengthening media freedom, pluralism and public expression,
would have been illegal but for a recent Nepali supreme
court ruling that declared unconstitutional the government's
ban on private FM radio stations.
Profile of Bharat Dutta Koirala
Read about the Nepali journalist who received the prestigious
2002 Ramon Magsaysay Award, "Asia's Nobel Prize." After
rising through the ranks of Gorakhapatra Corporation,
Koirala left the government-controlled publishing house
to found the Nepal Press Institute. Koirala is also known
for mounting huge billboard-style newspapers, written
in simple language and printed in an easy-to-read font,
in Nepal's remote districts where the literacy rate is
low; the concept has caught on in other Asian countries.
This is the Internet portal for Kantipur Publications
Limited, a growing, 10-year-old media conglomerate in
Nepal that also operates the privately owned daily newspapers
Kantipur and Kathmandu Post as well as the
weekly Saptahik and the monthly Sarvottam.
and Himalayan Studies
This site brings together news coverage by various Nepali
publications on the political strife and instability that
has challenged Nepal in recent years.
Everest Golden Jubilee Year
This page is dedicated to Nepali news and event updates
about the Everest Golden Jubilee Year.
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