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Timeline

1899

Ernest Miller Hemingway born July 21 in Oak Park, the Chicago suburb of "wide lawns and narrow minds"

1913

Enters Oak Park High School; pretty hopeless at football but makes up for it in writing for the school paper

1917

First job, on the Kansas City Star, as a cub reporter

Volunteer ambulance driver for the American Red Cross in Italy. Wounded July 8 at Fossalta. Ends up in Milan hospital and starts love affair with nurse Agnes von Kurowsky


1919

Reluctant homecoming keeps out of mother's way up in Michigan

1920

Reporter on the Toronto Star Weekly

1921

September: Marriage to Hadley Richardson
November: they sail for France, where he works as foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star in Paris

1922

Starts writing short stories (rejected), befriends Gertrude Stein who encourages him to keep writing. En route to join Ernest in Switzerland, Hadley leaves suitcase of his original manuscripts on a train

1923

First visit to Spain; first bullfight; first son John born; first book published - "Three Stories and Ten Poems"

1925

"In Our Time" a collection of short stories, published; the result of five years' work. Following Pamplona Fiesta in July starts writing "The Sun Also Rises"

1926

Meets F. Scott Fitzgerald, and editor Max Perkins at Scribner's. Scribner's publishes "The Sun Also Rises." First literary success.

1927

Divorces Hadley for Pauline Pfeiffer. "Men Without Women" (a short story collection) published

1928

Leaves Paris, rents house in Key West. Second son Patrick born. Father commits suicide. Starts writing "A Farewell to Arms" in Key West and in various ranches in Wyoming

1929

"A Farewell to Arms" published

1930

Working on "Death in the Afternoon" - the bull fighting bible - in Key West and also up at the L-Bar-T Ranch, Wyoming

1931

Buys house in Key West. Third son Gregory born

1932

"Death in the Afternoon" published


1933

"Winner Take Nothing" published
First safari to Africa


1935

"Green Hills of Africa" - first book about Africa.

1936

Working on "To Have and Have Not" in Wyoming, Cuba and Key West

1937

"To Have and Have Not" published. Involved with Loyalists in Spanish Civil War, helps produce propaganda film "Spanish Earth"


1938

"The Fifth Column" - play about the Spanish Civil War - and "The First 49 Stories" published.


1939

Separates from Pauline, starts living in Cuba with Martha Gellhorn. Writing "For Whom the Bell Tolls" in Paris, Cuba, Key West, Wyoming and Sun Valley, Idaho.


1940

"For Whom the Bell Tolls" published
Marries Martha Gellhorn. They set up home in Cuba at the Finca Vigía.


1941

He and Martha visit China and the Far East as foreign correspondents


1942

Arms his boat Pilar to search for German submarines in Caribbean waters


1944

War correspondent for Collier's magazine. Flies with RAF and helps liberate Paris, especially the Ritz wine cellars. Gathers material for "Islands in the Stream" (published 1970)


1945

Divorces Martha


1946

Marries Mary Welsh. They settle back in Cuba.


1948

Visits Europe. Falls for Adriana Ivancic in Venice.


1949

Starts writing "Across the River and into the Trees." Begins writing what was to become "The Garden of Eden" (published 1986)


1950

"Across the River and into the Trees" published. First really unfavourable reviews. Finally starts "The Old Man and the Sea" and continues with "Islands in the Stream"


1952

"The Old Man and the Sea" is published and his reputation is redeemed


1953

"The Old Man and the Sea" awarded Pulitzer Prize


1954

January: Premature obituaries following two plane crashes within three days in northern Uganda
October: Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature.


1955

Starts writing African journal, to be published 44 years later as "True at First Light"


1956

Old diaries discovered at the Paris Ritz which form the basis for "A Moveable Feast," finally published in 1964


1958

Moves out of Cuba and back to the American West, renting a cabin in Ketchum, Idaho


1959

A 10,000-word article following the Ordonez-Dominguin mano a mano bullfights in Spain, later published in Life magazine (1960) and as the book "The Dangerous Summer" (published 1985).
July: Celebration of 60th birthday in Málaga


1960

Two suicide attempts. Treated at the Mayo Clinic with electric shock therapy


1961

Discharged in January. Another suicide attempt in April, returns to clinic. Discharged as 'cured' June 26
July 2, kills himself and is buried in Ketchum cemetery


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