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Passport photo. Hemingway
and Hadley arrived in Paris shortly before Christmas, 1921.

First Wife

Hemingway married his first
wife Hadley Richardson in Chicago on September 3, 1921. The invitees on Hemingway's guest list included Sherwood Anderson and Miss Agnes von Kurowsky. Hemingway, intrigued by Anderson's opinion of Paris, decided to give life as an expatriate reporter a shot and the newlyweds sailed for France on December 8.

The couple rented a $2 room and, unable to afford cafes or bars, Hemingway passed long hours strolling through the Jardin du Luxembourg. He borrowed books from Sylvia Beach's Shakespeare & Company, and eked out a living firing off dispatches for the Toronto Star. Thanks to Anderson, he fell in with the "Lost Generation," a circle of writers, artists and bon vivants who helped him hone his distinctive fiction.

Sherwood Anderson provided a letter of introduction to Hemingway and quickly became a regular visitor to Gertrude Stein's Paris home.

In December of 1922, while en route to visit her husband in Switzerland, Hadley lost a valise which contained all of Hemingway's unpublished fiction. Next came a more pleasant surprise: the birth of son Jack. The family settled in Montparnasse, the hub of the expatriate community. Hemingway pounded out "Three Stories and Ten Poems" (1923), "In Our Time" (1925) and his first two novels: the "Torrents of Spring" and "The Sun Also Rises" (both published in 1926). Relishing the acclaim that his writing now brought him, he lit up and became the toast of Paris night life.

Hemingway left Paris in 1928 but returned in 1944 as the city was freed from the Germans. Accompanied by a band of French resistance fighters, he set about "liberating" the Ritz Hotel wine cellar.

Scribner's published "The Torrents of Spring", a short comic novel that satirized Hemingway's early mentor, Sherwood Anderson. The book gave Hemingway the opportunity to break with his first publisher, Boni & Liveright. Because they were also Anderson's publisher, they refused to publish the book and Hemingway was out of his contract.

Hemingway followed "A Sun Also Rises," the book that made Pamplona an international mecca for thrillseekers everywhere, with "Men Without Women" in 1927.

"Trout au Bleu"

By his mid-twenties, Hemingway was a connoisseur of trout dishes. This method was one of his favorites

Photo Credits: Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection/John F. Kennedy Library. Book covers: Princeton University Library.