Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS
Manor House
"I teach history to children. I'll go back and say you may not believe this but I have actually experienced what you are reading in books." Mr Raj Singh, tutor
THE PROJECT|THE HOUSE|THE PEOPLE|EDWARDIAN LIFE|YOU IN 1905|TREATS|SNOB QUIZ
Monsieur Dubiard
Painting of Edward VIII

Edward VII - the last British Monarch to give his name to an era

Photograph of Campbell Bannerman

The Liberal Prime Minister Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman


Upstairs
Sir John loves his afternoons fishing on the lake
more...
Downstairs
The scullery maid spends her afternoons washing the pots and pans after lunch
more...
"I miss my mum, and my sister. My skin's coming up in blotches, and I don't get on with the chef. I don't know if I can hack it. I need a bath, my hair feels all icky..."
Lucy, scullery maid
Edwardian Life:
Timeline 1905-1914
1901
22nd January Death of Queen Victoria, aged 81, after a reign of 63 years. Edward VII succeeds to the throne.
September Taff Vale Judgement, a landmark in the development of the Labour Party. Workers on the Taff Vale Railway took action to gain the right to join a trade union. After the strike was settled, the railway company sought damages from the union for losses incurred during the strike. The House of Lords granted £42,000 plus costs against the union, thereby severely limiting the right to strike.
October Britain's first submarine launched.
December First Nobel Prizes awarded.
1902
January Smallpox outbreak in London
March Cecil Rhodes 'the architect of Empire' dies.
May Boer War ends.
July Arthur Balfour succeeds Salisbury as Conservative Prime Minister.
9th August Coronation of Edward VII, delayed from July because of the King's appendicitis.
Charles Booth's survey of poverty, Life and Labour of the People of London, published. Windsor Castle opened to the public. Beatrix Potter's Peter Rabbit published. Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories published.
1903
1st January Edward VII proclaimed Emperor of India.
October Formation of the suffragette Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), by Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst.
December Marie Curie becomes the first woman to win the Nobel Prize. Wright Brothers make the first successful flight in a petrol-powered aeroplane.
1904
February War breaks out between Russia and Japan when the Russian fleet attacks at Port Arthur.
April Entente Cordiale signed with France. Licence plates for cars compulsory.
May Rolls-Royce car manufacturing company formed.
November Figures released reveal that poverty is rising dramatically - 122,000 people in London and 800,000 in England and Wales are in receipt of poor relief, with 250,000 in workhouses.
December J.M. Barrie's Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up opens in London.
1905
January By popular demand, Arthur Conan Doyle brings his famous detective back from the 'dead' in a new book, The Return of Sherlock Holmes.
April More than 10,000 people perish in an earthquake in Lahore, India.
May Women's Suffrage Bill 'talked out' in Commons.
June Automobile Association founded.
July Einstein's Theory of Relativity proposed.
August Lord Curzon resigns as Viceroy of India.
October Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney arrested: start of the militant phase of the Suffrage movement. Aspirin on sale in Britain.
December Balfour resigns; Henry Campbell-Bannerman invited to form a government. First motorized ambulances for traffic accident victims introduced by London County Council (previously ambulances were used only for people suffering from infectious diseases).
1906
February Liberal landslide at General Election; Labour wins 29 seats. HMS Dreadnought launched. Formation of the Labour Party. Trade Disputes Act overturns Taff Vale Judgement. Free school meals introduced for children in need.
April Vesuvius erupts, killing hundreds. San Francisco earthquake: 800 die. SOS becomes the international distress signal.
1907
April Women can stand for election in county and borough elections and can take the office of mayor.
1908
April Ill-health forces Campbell-Bannerman's resignation: Herbert Asquith succeeds him as Prime Minister. Old Age Pensions introduced for a minority of old people. Coal Mines Regulation Act legislates for a maximum working day of 8 hours underground. Territorial Army founded. By 1914 it had over 250,000 members. England plays the first ever international football match, against Austria - and wins 6-1.
June Edward VII visits Russia. Olympic Games staged in London. National Farmer's Union founded.
December Professor Ernest Rutherford awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on radiation and the nature of the atom. E.M. Forster's Room with a View published.
1909
Labour Exchanges established. Trade Boards Act establishes minimum wage in some of the lowest-paid trades.
July Blériot makes the first cross-Channel flight, taking 43 minutes.
November The House of Lords throws out Lloyd George's 'people's budget' - the 'most radical budget in the nation's history'.
1910
Liberals under Asquith win general election in February and December.
21st May Death of Edward VII; succeeded by George V.
July Dr. Crippen arrested at sea for the murder of his wife, the first criminal suspect to be caught by radio. He was travelling with his mistress Ethel Le Neve, disguised as a boy.
20th August Florence Nightingale dies. Osborne Judgement bans trade unions from funding political activities. Girl Guide movement founded by Baden-Powell and his sister, Agnes.
1911
March Shops Act legislates for 60-hour week and all employees entitled to half-day holiday each week. Payment of MPs (Members of Parliament) introduced.
23rd June George V crowned in Westminster Abbey.
July Agadir crisis, when Germany sent a gunboat to Morocco, fuelled Britain's concern about Germany's expansionist aims.
November Balfour resigns as leader of the Conservative Party; succeeded by Andrew Bonar Law.
December George V crowned King Emperor at Delhi Durbar.
Period of industrial unrest 1911 to 1914.
1912
January Captain Scott's expedition reaches the South pole - Amundsen has beaten them. All perish on the return journey.
April The 'unsinkable' Titanic sinks after hitting an iceberg, with the loss of more than 1,500 lives.
May Irish Home Rule Bill introduced.
September Edward Carson organises the Ulster Volunteers to resist Home Rule for Ireland. British Board of Film Censors established. Royal Flying Corps (precursor of the Royal Air Force) established.
1913
March Cat and Mouse Act introduced in an attempt to deal with the problem of suffragettes' hunger strikes in prison.
June The suffragette Emily Davison throws herself under the King's horse at the Derby and dies from her injuries. The zip fastener patented by a Swedish engineer. Trade Union Act reverses Osborne Judgement.
September Ulster Volunteer Force established. D.H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers published.
1914
Immigration, already restricted since 1905 Act, further restricted. By 1914 there were over 50,000 women involved in peaceful campaigning to get women the vote.
March Velazquez's Rokeby Venus slashed in the National Gallery by a suffragette with a meat cleaver.
April George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion opens in London. James Joyce's Dubliners published.
28th June Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo.
1st August Germany declares war on Russia and, on the 3rd, France.
4th August Britain declares war on Germany when it violates Belgian neutrality. In the first 18 months of war 2.4 million men signed up voluntarily. A quarter of men of fighting age volunteered in England and Wales. Fighting continues on the Western Front until 11.00am on 11th November 1918. By this time, 772,000 British have been killed, and 1,676, 037 wounded.

^ back to top

 

 


© 2003 Channel4. All rights reserved. | PBS Privacy Policy