ARCHIVE OF SCIENTIFIC &
R C H I V E H I S T O R Y
Russian State Archive of Scientific and Technical Documentation
has been known by several names since its beginning in 1974:
- The USSR Center for Space Documentation.
- The Russian Scientific and Research Center for Space Documentation.
- The Russian State Archive of Scientific and Technical Documentation
affiliate archive in Samara.
Russian Scientific and Research Center for Space Documentation
began in 1974 following the appeal of scientists, experts and
advocacy groups to the leaders of the country. The respective
Regulation of the Government was signed on April 30, 1974 and
the State Center for Storing Space Documentation was set up. It
was the only state archive with all types of documents related
to the history of domestic rocket and space technology, history
of space exploration, etc. which was committed to choose and store
documents, maintain special conservation research. The stock funds
of the Center included documents deposited by companies that took
part in space activities, by mass media; as well as private archives
of experts in rocket and space equipment, of astronauts; memoirs
of scientists and researchers; materials that were compiled by
the Center on its own initiative.
Archives store documents of various types (completion reports
on scientific, research, design works, films, photos, audio- and
video materials, telemetric data) which allow to track the development
of domestic astronautics for the period from 1930s till today,
including the all major aspects of the domestic space program
and stages of conquering space using automatic space vehicles,
manned spaceships and orbital stations.
Russian State Archives of Scientific and Technical Documentation
(RGANTD) were set up in accordance with the Regulation of the
Russian Federation Government # 575 dated 09. 09. 1995 on the
basis of the Russian Scientific and Research Center for Space
Documentation in Moscow and the Russian State Archives of Scientific
and Technical Documentation in Samara.
the new reality, the RGANTD enlarged the document integration
system to include all possible scientific and research materials
from 20 industries of the country, from businesses of the State
Committee on War Industry.
present the Archives integrate documents from both military and
civil entities which can be both public and commercial because
the RGANDT priority is to store as many documents related to the
history of domestic astronautics as possible.