State Documentary Film & Photo Archive Krasnogorsk
Russian State Archive of Scientific & Technical Documents
Hoover Institution Russian/CIS Collection
State Museum of Oriental Art
I S T O R Y
the Russian-American Center and the Esalen Institute Russian-American
1982: pioneered the first spacebridges, allowing Soviet and American
citizens to speak directly with one another via satellite communication.
These spacebridges inspired subsequent satellite teleconferences
between Soviets and Americans, including an ongoing Congress-to-Supreme
1983: initiated the Erik Erikson Symposia on the political psychology
of Soviet-American relations with career diplomat Joseph Montville
and psychologists Erik and Joan Erikson. It was at one of these
conferences that Montville coined the term "track-two diplomacy"
to refer to the burgeoning private-sector initiatives between
Soviets and Americans.
1983: co-sponsored a conference entitled "Faces of the Enemy."
Speakers, including Sam Keen, Ashley Montagu, Robert Bly, and
Soviet diplomat Valentin Berezhkov, discussed the psychology and
politics of enmity, propaganda, and projection.
1985: helped create the Association of Space Explorers, the first
forum in which Russian and American astronauts and cosmonauts
could share their experiences in space and their hopes for the
future of space exploration.
1985: signed one of the first agreements between an American private
sector group and the USSR Ministry of Health. This agreement has
facilitated work in the areas of health promotion, productivity
in the work place, and non-pharmacological methods of treating
disease and stress.
1986: co-produced a spacebridge on Chernobyl and Three Mile Island
with the American Association for the Advancement of Science,
the USSR Academy of Sciences, and Internews.
1988: hosted Academician Abel Aganbegyan for his first visit to
the United States as one of Gorbachev's chief economic advisors.
This led to the development of a management training program with
senior executives from across the Soviet Union. * 1989: coordinated,
in conjunction with the United States-based International Center
for Economic Growth and Moscow State University, a conference
called "Entrepreneurship in the World Economy."
1989: hosted Boris Yeltsin on his first trip to the United States.
Esalen arranged meetings for Mr. Yeltsin with President Bush,
former President Ronald Reagan, and many leaders in business and
1990: conducted the Furth Ruble Prize, an international competition
for the best proposal offering a practical solution to the question
of ruble convertibility in international trade. Award recipients
were chosen by a panel of Soviet and American scholars, including
Abel Aganbegyan, Joseph Brada, Ed Hewett, and Nobel Laureate Wassily
1990: sponsored the first Russian conference on psychoneuroimmunology
(PNI), an interdisciplinary field concerned with the relationship
between psychological processes and the functioning of the immune
system. This conference led to productive Russian-American collaborative
research in the field and to a follow-up conference, held in 1991
at Leningrad's Institute for Experimental Medicine.
1992: organized a conference in Moscow to address the resurgence
and persistence of neo-Bolshevism in Russian society. Russian
and American participants confronted the Bolshevist mentality
and discussed ways to alter it to embrace democratic pluralism
rather than totalitarianism.
1992: played an instrumental role in a conference, held at the
Vatican in Rome, to raise awareness of the emotional and physical
needs of people with disabilities.
1993: hosted a major conference at Stanford University, entitled
"Toward the Further Reaches of Sport Psychology," where prominent
coaches, athletes, and sport psychologists from the CIS and the
United States discussed current trends in theoretical and applied
1994: sponsored an ethnic conflict resolution conference in Washington,
DC to influence the political climate in Russia. Civil liberties
and civil rights in a democratic society were addressed.
1995: continued to work with Chernobyl Children's Project. A group
of children from the areas affected by the 1986 Chernobyl disaster
and their American peers worked together to develop new skills,
confidence, and lasting personal relationships.
1996: conducted a leadership conference, which developed alternative
scenarios for the future of RussianAmerican relations.
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