Finish the thoughts about.....
The cooperation of the Capitalist countries in industrializing
the Soviet Union was a tremendous propaganda boon for the Soviets.
Not only did they tell their people that they were going to catch
and overtake the Capitalists, that they were a better system and
that they were the future and the Capitalists were the past, but,
the Capitalists were the main ones helping them to defeat Capitalism
to overcome Capitalism and to advance Socialism. This lead
in many ways to undergirding Stalins reputation as a master statesmen,
as a master politician. Using the Capitalists to beat the
Capitalists at their own game, including such famous Capitalists
as Henry Ford. Moreover, acquire the Capitalist technology
and then after you've got it, kicking the Capitalists out and
then saying 'we've got it, we don't need you anymore'. This
kind of propaganda value, this kind of propaganda coop was trumpeted
by the Soviet media.
This kind of propaganda value, this kind of propaganda coop, was
trumpeted by the Soviet media and was very effective in (mumble)
Stalins image and the image of the Soviet government as a whole.
Afterall, there was these thousands of new factories while the
Capitalists were undergoing the Great Depression and the Capitalists
had more or less given them to the Soviets, despite the so called
political differences and despite the Capitalists criticism of
the Soviet system as Authoritarian and as godless and the Capitalists
were doing more than anyone else to help the Soviets build up
what they have. This incontravertible fact was used by the Soviet
government and had tremendous importance for them. There
was no Capitalist answer in a way, because, the Capitalist government
either did not try or was incapable of prohibiting the transfer
of technology from their most important private firms to the Soviet
Union. In the Cold War period after 1945, it was often the
case that Capitalist countries would attempt to impose technology
transfer limits on private firms in dealing with the Soviet Union.
In some cases, these limits were imposed, in other cases, even
when they were imposed the Soviets were able to acquire the technology
by suprofuse, either by espionage or by paying the Capitalist
money and they were only to happy to sell it. So, the issue
of technology transfer had political valance on both sides.
In the Soviets case, as an example of their cleverness and superiority
over the Capitalists, and in the Capitalists case as an
example of the danger of the Soviets and the need to ascert political
controls over the private sector in technology transfer.
We see these same kinds of debates arising now in the U.S. relations
Let's do John Scott. Why he left, his expectations, tell
more or less what we were talking about before. Tell your perspective
on John Scott's story. Talk about John Scott for us.
John Scott was a very bright young man from a priviledged family,
in fact, from a family that was very well known. He went
to an experimental school in Wisconsin which was an exceptionally
high level education. He got frustrated and he left.
He decided to go to the Soviet Union and to seek his fortune as
a nineteen year old, despite all the priviledges he had in his
upbringing and despite having an exceptionally good educational
experience in Wisconsin, where he was going to school. He
gave up maid service. He gave up his university education.
He went on a ship, across the ocean and made his way to Berlin.
In Berlin, he spoke to Soviet representatives, they allowed him
into the country, recruited him essentially as a worker.
He had some welding skills in (city) at the GE plant, a kind of
six month welding course. He wasn't particularily skilled,
so he wasn't among the engineers or professionals recruited by
(name) and he had to convince the Soviets and make his way into
the country on his wits. He also was a Leftest and felt,
like many people of his generation, particularly in the U.S.,
that there was something to the Soviet Socialism and the industrialization
boon that was going on that country. He was assigned to
someplace called Macnita Garsk, which very few people had heard
of, including John Scott himself, because it didn't really exist.
It was a dream. It was a vision for a future of abundance
and happiness, for an industrialized modern civilazation that
would bring the best possible life to all human beings involved
with it. Scott got there and it was , of course, a frozen,
empty piece of land where lots of construction was going on in
chaotic fashion. He, like many other people, didn't know
what to expect when he got there and was a little bit suprised
that there was nothing really there yet, except the chaos and
the plans for some kind of future construction. He got involved
in a construction brigade with building this factory, a modern
steel plant modeled after Gary, Indiana, which was U.S. steel