(Source: CIA World Factbook, 2001, Bolivia)
Population: 8.1 million
Population growth: 2.3%
Approximately 40% of Bolivia's population is under the
age of 15.
The average life expectancy in Bolivia is 62 years.
The illiteracy rate in Bolivia is 8.3% for males
and 21.4% for females.
Bolivia has the largest proportion of indigenous people
in South America. More than 60% of Bolivia's population is indigenous.
The three main indigenous languages spoken in Bolivia
are Quechua, Aymara and Guarani.
According to the World Bank, 64% of Bolivia's indigenous
population lives below the poverty line. Nearly 50% of its non-indigenous
population also live in poverty.
With a GNP per capita of $1010, Bolivia is regarded as
the poorest country in Latin America and the second poorest
nation in the Western Hemisphere, after Haiti.
In 2000, Bolivia had a foreign debt of $6.6 billion.
Since 1964, the World Bank has approved assistance on
over 90 lending projects to Bolivia. Most recently, in September
of 2001, it approved supplemental credit on a national land
In Bolivia, 79% of the total population in 2000 had access
to improved drinking water sources - 55% in rural areas and
93% in urban areas; 66% of the total population in 2000 had
access to improved sanitation facilities - 82% of Bolivia's
urban population and 38% of its rural population.
In Bolivia, 24% of the rural population has access to
water services and 39% of the rural population has access to
sewage disposal and sanitation services.
See FRONTLINE/World facts on "World Wide Water" at the
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