Records: Maurice El Medioni
Maurice El Medioni released Café Oran in 1999 through
independent world music label Piranha Records. The music
is a unique blend of jazz phrasing, Cuban rhythms and
Arabic sounds. The Web site features a biography and discography
of the 74-year-old Jewish Algerian "pianist oriental,"
from his days playing in Oran nightclubs in the 1930s
to his current life in Marseilles, France.
to Raï Music of Algeria
The online project from the University of Texas at Austin
offers a concise introduction to raï music. The site includes
definitions of Arabic musical terms and three raï music
samples, with lyrics in both Arabic and English.
of Algeria: Selected Recordings
This Web site from the Middle East Studies Association
presents the broad range of cultural influence that comprises
Algerian music today. Author Dwight Reynolds looks at
some of the musical styles and genres that have arisen
out of the Algerian melting pot, including Andalusian,
Constantinian, raï and malouf.
on the World: Tunisia
Focus on the World is an online multimedia magazine providing
facts, pictures and sounds from Mediterranean countries.
Its section on Tunisia offers an explanation of malouf,
a popular musical tradition originating from Andalusian
Spain during the Moorish Empire and now incorporated into
various styles of world music. Listen to the traditional
sounds of lutes (ouds), violins and sitars in the malouf
music samples included on this site.
French Raï to Algerian Rap
Writing on the German Web site House of World Culture,
Thomas Burkhalter observes that although raï music has
become popular in France and elsewhere around the globe,
young musicians in Algeria are adopting the ways of rap
to get their message out.
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MondoMix.com is an online world music magazine founded
in 1998 to bridge the gap between traditional and mixed-culture
music and media. In both English and French, this nonprofit
Web site offers multimedia features, links to world music
festivals, interviews with artists and reviews of the
latest in world music.
Music Exposition 2003, Andalusia, Spain
The World Music Exposition (WOMEX) is the premier networking
point for artists of world, folk, traditional and diasporic
music. The fifth annual WOMEX will be held in October
in the Andalusian capital of Seville, the ancestral home
of raï music.
Afropop Worldwide is a National Public Radio program that
celebrates African roots in music around the globe. Its
Web site offers a searchable database of artists, music
genres and regional styles of music. Included are numerous
links to online world music magazines and independent
and Postcolonial Music
For a lesson in postcolonial ethnomusicology, visit this
Web site from Emory University. It discusses the emergence
of hybrid forms of music that grew out of colonialism,
including those by traditional music groups that developed
messages of revolt and those that incorporated new elements
from the West.
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and Religious Conflicts in France Today
Djazir, the Year for Algeria in France
The United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organization
has declared 2003 to be "Djazair [Arabic for Algeria and
Algiers], the year of Algeria." This site is not available
in English. Choose from French, Arabic or Amazigh, a common language of Berber culture.
Algerians: Divided Loyalty"
With Islamic extremism still wielding a tight grip on
Algeria and far-right extremism on the rise in France,
many Algerians living in France feel growing conflict
about where their allegiances lie. (BBC News, May 6, 2002)
Maze of Identities for the Muslims of France"
The New York Times reports that France's Muslim
population has risen to 7 percent. The Mediterranean city
of Marseilles, which has a large North African population,
has a 17 percent Muslim population. (April 9, 2003) (Abstract;
Beyond the Bounds"
The Department for Jewish Zionist Education of the Jewish
Agency for Israel reprints this report that the resurgence
of anti-Semitism in France is indicative of deteriorating
relations between Jews and Muslims. Poverty among Algerian
immigrants in France, the report says, has resulted in
social unrest, manifesting in such episodes as the violent
France/Algeria soccer match in January 2003.
Jewish Committee Report
At the end of 2002, France and Europe were experiencing
the highest number of anti-Semitic incidents since World
War II. This report cites numerous acts of violence against
French Jews and Jewish institutions in France.
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on Algeria and France
This site is a comprehensive guide to news and analysis
about Algeria, Algerians living in France and abroad,
and current Algerian politics and business. It includes
extensive links to news sources, human rights reports,
organizations, government, civilian and academic institutions,
and much more
World Factbook: Algeria
The CIA World Factbook on Algeria provides up-to-date
information about the country's government, geography,
economy, people, industry and foreign relations.
and France: A Tense Relationship"
In 2000, French president Jacques Chirac refused to apologize
for tortures and massacres committed by French forces
during Algeria's war of independence. Relations between
France and Algeria seemed to improve when Abdelaziz Bouteflika
was elected president of Algeria in 1999. But France,
as Algeria's closest Western partner, is still seen as
complicit in human rights abuses, this time carried out
by the Algerian military against insurgents. (BBC News,
Feb. 2, 2001)
Algeria Interface offers news and analysis about current
Algerian politics. This story, an interview with Ahmed
Ben Bella, the first prime minister of independent Algeria,
looks at the relationship between France and Algeria.
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