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Europe slides to war

Map: Europe 1914

In the summer of 1914, the great European powers found themselves inexorably sliding towards war. An increasingly expansionist Germany was upsetting the traditional balance of power on the continent, causing concern within governments in neighboring capital cities who feared for their own national security.

By 1914, a series of defensive treaties had split Europe into two opposing camps: the Central Powers, comprising Germany and Austria-Hungary, and the Entente Powers of Russia, France and Great Britain. Tensions were already high when Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo on June 28.

Much aggressive posturing and mobilization followed and war seemed inevitable...


Europe | Ottoman Empire | Egypt | Mecca | Arab Revolt | Palestine | Syria | Modern Middle East

  Kaiser Wilhem II presided over a militaristic and threatening Germany. Many neighboring countries feared invasion.


Lawrence of Arabia