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Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Justice Ginsburg was nominated to the high court by former President Bill Clinton June 1993 to replace retiring justice Byron White. She took the oath of office on Aug. 10, 1993.

Ginsburg was born in 1933 in Brooklyn, New York. She holds a bachelor’s degree from Cornell University and attended Harvard Law School before earning a degree from Columbia Law School.

She served as a law clerk with Judge Edmund L. Palmieri of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York from 1959 to 1961 at a time when few women held such a position.

From 1963 until 1972, she taught at Rutgers Law School. She joined the Columbia Law School faculty in 1972, becoming the school’s first tenured female professor.

During the 1960s, Ginsburg began working with the New Jersey affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union in litigating sex discrimination cases, including those involving school teachers whose jobs were threatened when they became pregnant.

In 1971, she helped write the ACLU’s brief in the key Reed v. Reed gender discrimination case before the U.S. Supreme Court. The high court struck down a state law that gave preference to men over women in naming administrators of estates.

In 1972, the ACLU picked Ginsburg to head the historic Women’s Rights Project, where she argued a number of cases before the Supreme Court. She was general counsel of the ACLU from 1973 to 1980 and sat on its National Board of Directors from 1974 to 1980. She was also a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, California from 1977 to 1978.

Ginsburg served on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1980 until her Supreme Court appointment.

Ginsburg and her husband Martin have two children.

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