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WASHINGTON, DC - MAY 21: Rep. John Sarbanes (D-MD) (R), joins a group of fellow Democrats; including House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY), Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), Sen. Tom Udall (D-NM), Rep. John Sarbanes (D-MD), Rep. Cheri Bustos (D-IL) and Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-WA); and supporters in introducing a new campaign to retake Congress during a news conference at the U.S. Capitol May 21, 2018 in Washington, DC. The campaign, called 'A Better Deal for Our Democracy,' aims at 'taking back the power from special interests and getting rid of the pay-to-play culture of corruption, cronyism and incompetence embodied by the Trump Administration.' (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

The Democrats’ latest plan to confront political corruption

Democrats have introduced a wide-ranging plan to confront corruption in Washington in hopes it will resonate with voters and drum up enthusiasm ahead of the midterms this fall.

Democratic lawmakers unveiled a new reform-minded agenda Monday that’s billed as “a better deal for our democracy.” It builds on the “Better Deal” economic blueprint Democrats introduced last summer.

“We got to do things that make everyday Americans empowered in the democracy so they are calling the shots, not sitting in the bleachers,” Rep. John Sarbanes, D-Md., the chair of the Democratic group that spearheaded the effort, said in an interview.

The plan centers on three broad reforms: improving election security; enforcing lobbying ethics regulations; and changing campaign finance laws to reduce influence from deep-pocketed interest groups and individuals.

The agenda is similar to the “culture of corruption” message Democrats used in the 2006 midterms. Democrats that year evoked the many scandals plaguing Republicans lawmakers at the time, arguing they would clean up the House if voters put the party back in power. The strategy helped Democrats win control of Congress, and the next year, party leaders worked with President George W. Bush to pass reform legislation that included a ban on lobbyist gifts.

This time around, Democrats in both chambers are again contrasting themselves with a Republican-controlled Congress. But they also have a new target in President Donald Trump, who adopted the motto “Drain the Swamp” as a candidate while vowing to rid Washington of powerful special interests.

“There was an expectation and hope that this president would do something to really clean things up,” Sarbanes said. “He made it even worse.”

Republicans quickly dismissed the new messaging effort. “Democrats unleash another focus-grouped slogan every few months because they can’t speak to the issues voters actually care about,” said Matt Gorman, the spokesman for the National Republican Congressional Committee.

Still, the Trump administration has given Democrats plenty of material to work with.

EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt testifies before a Senate Appropriations Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Subcommittee hearing on the proposed budget estimates and justification for FY2019 for the Environmental Protection Agency on Capitol Hill in Washington, U.S., May 16, 2018. REUTERS/Al Drago

Embattled EPA chief Scott Pruitt is one of several current or former senior Trump administration officials who faced ethics scandals. File photo by REUTERS/Al Drago

Several Cabinet members are under investigation for lavish purchases and travel paid with taxpayer dollars. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt is currently facing 12 investigations, and Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson is being investigated by the agency’s inspector general. Last month, Trump fired then-Veterans Affairs Secretary David Shulkin after Shulkin was engulfed in controversy over his use of taxpayer funds on a trip to Europe. Last year, Tom Price resigned as secretary of Health and Human Services amid scandal over his use of chartered flights.

The White House and Trump’s campaign are also facing scrutiny from special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russia’s interference in the 2016 election.

Trump administration officials and Republican leaders in Congress are “willing to dive deep into the swamp to satisfy goals and interests of the money class that they appear to be serving,” Sarbanes said.

Others noted that the rise of moneyed special interests in politics predates Trump’s presidency.

“What we’re seeing is the result of long term structural problems with our democracy,” said Dan Weiner, a senior counsel at the Brennan Center. “This didn’t start with President Trump.” He added, “You can like President Trump and still think our democracy is broken and we need to improve.”

Trump addressed the issue as a candidate, and his campaign outlined several policy proposals to curb lobbyists’ power and influence, but Trump has not focused on the issue as much in office.

Right now Democrats do not have the power to enact the changes they rolled out on Monday, making them more of a rallying cry for the base ahead of the midterm elections.

“Reform is always popular for the party out of power,” said Michael Kang, an Emory University law professor.

Conor Lamb delivers a speech at his campaign rally in Houston, Pennsylvania, U.S. January 13, 2018. REUTERS/Alan Freed - RC1DFF5CFDE0

Democratic Rep. Conor Lamb did not accept corporate PAC contributions during his successful bid this year for an open House seat in Pennsylvania. A growing number of Democrats are foregoing PAC money in the 2018 midterms. File photo by REUTERS/Alan Freed

But Democrats would presumably push the issues if the party regains control of one or both chambers of Congress this fall. As part of the plan announced this week, Democrats proposed barring former lobbyists or executives from running an agency that oversees its previous employer.

They also called for overhauling the nation’s campaign finance system — including overturning the Supreme Court’s Citizens United ruling with a constitutional amendment — and creating new financial infrastructure to help candidates who choose to run without accepting corporate donations from political action committees, or PACs.

Democrats would still face several obstacles in enacting these reforms even if they have more legislative power next year.

For example, Democrats proposed a series of policies to improve election infrastructure that would likely run into resistance or clash with other changes planned by state state and local governments, which have broad authority to run elections, Kang said.

But that didn’t stop Democrats from putting the ideas on the table this week. And there are some signs that the message could resonate with voters.

A poll released after Rep. Conor Lamb, D-Pa. won a closely watched special election in March showed that voters are more likely to support a candidate when they know the candidate does not take PAC money. According to an April study from Pew Research, 77 percent of Americans support limiting the amount of money that people and organizations can donate to campaigns, and 65 percent support laws to regulate money in politics.

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