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Amos Oz grew up in Israel in the early years of its statehood. Now, in his first book in over a decade, the writer looks back at that time through the eyes of three characters -- each at a different life stage and with a distinctive attitude toward the new state. Jeffrey Brown sits down with Oz to discuss his writing process, the “gift of literature" and prospects for a two-state solution.
Now to the "NewsHour" Bookshelf for a novel about Israel by its internationally renowned writer, Amos Oz.
He joined Jeffrey Brown at the Center for Jewish History in New York, in a conversation recorded before the recent U.N. vote on Israeli settlements.
The 1950s, the early years of the state of Israel, a time of hope for Jews who'd seen a dream come true, and fear about what the future might bring.
AMOS OZ, Author, "Judas": This is the period of my own youth. And these were, in terms of Israeli history, the years of the morning after.
So the country's still young, but the question is, what now or what next?
The question is what now, but the question is also, have we gone wrong somewhere? Have we taken the wrong turn someplace?
Amos Oz was born in Jerusalem in 1939. He spent many years living on a kibbutz, served in the Israeli army, and eventually became his country's best known writer.
His new novel, "Judas," his first in more than a decade, is set in Jerusalem in those early years, the story of three people at very different stages in their lives and attitudes toward the new state.
I wanted to explore, first and foremost, how three totally different human beings lived for three months in the same room, change and almost reshape one another.
Do you start with the notion of going back to this period of what might come next, or do you start with the characters? How does it happen?
Always characters first.
And I walk around pregnant with the characters for a long time before I write a single sentence.
And when, inside my head or inside my guts, the characters begin to do things to each other, what they do to each other is the plot. And then I can start writing.
What do we do to one another? It's the one and only subject of literature, if you really have to squeeze it in a nutshell.
Betrayal is a key theme in this book, in the ancient sense, through one of the character's studies of the biblical story of Jesus and Judas, and in modern Israel's founding.
The title is "Judas," right?
And this all begins, I gather, out of an interest of yours in the life of Jesus.
Yes, but also out of huge, growing resentment to the ugly story about Judas, about the 30 pieces of silver, about the most notorious case in history about the God killing.
In some point in the novel, the protagonist, Shmuel Ash, who is obsessed with his story, he writes about Judas hanging himself. Thus died the first Christian and last Christian, the only Christian.
It's a very provocative sentence. It doesn't come from me. It comes from the protagonist. But it's trying to reconsider the worst story ever told by anyone in human history.
Amos Oz has been a strong critic of Israel's occupation of the West Bank and a longtime advocate for a two-state solution with the Palestinians. That's made him a traitor in the eyes of some of his countrymen.
I wear these as a badge of honor, because it puts me in wonderful company. Many, many great men and women in history, prophets, statesmen, intellectuals, artists, were accused of treason by many of their own contemporaries.
What is the job or role of a writer in a country like Israel?
I resent the very term "role of writers" or "role of literature." I'm sorry.
I think the right term should be the "gift of literature," not the "role of literature."
Makes us look one more time at some things which we have seen a million times, and we see them afresh. Or, sometimes, it makes us reconsider things that we were sure we knew or we were sure we were convinced of.
But is it different in a country such as Israel?
I don't think so, no. I don't think so.
I think literature is based on the deep human need to hear stories and to tell stories. It doesn't have to serve any other purpose.
Oz's most famous story may be his own, the 2004 autobiographical novel "A Tale of Love and Darkness," which has now been made into a film by the actress Natalie Portman.
It's a tragic family story of a mother who commits suicide, leaving behind her young son, and also a story of a country in its early years of statehood.
You have advocated a two-state idea long before it was a diplomatic solution, right? Is that two-state solution dead?
I don't think so.
I don't see any alternative to the two-state solution. It is 50 years now since I and a few of my colleagues first advocated the two-state solution. Fifty years is a long time in my life, but it's a very short time in history.
Look, it's very simple. There are two nations rightly claiming the same tiny land. They just don't trust the other. There is a lack of courageous leadership on both sides.
You know, it's like a patient knowing that he has to undergo a surgery, wanting to postpone it because it's painful. But the doctors are cowards. They don't have the guts to tell the patient, let's do it now. The sooner, the better.
You still have hope for it?
Of course, because I see no alternative.
All right, Amos Oz, the new novel is "Judas."
Thank you very much.
Thank you for having me. Thank you very much.
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