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Automated traffic cameras are used by hundreds of towns across the country to detect and ticket motor violations, but not without controversy. Advocates say they make communities safer, but foes argue they raise revenues. Ohio officials passed a law banning the cameras from ticketing without a police officer present, but the issue now hangs in the balance as the state debates its constitutionality. NewsHour's Rick Karr reports.
Drivers who run red lights … kill nearly seven hundred people every year nationwide. Sue and Paul Oberhauser refuse to call those crashes "accidents".
Most of those are intentionally people think they gonna get away with it and they run the red light. They never think they're gonna kill a person.
Their daughter Sarah was killed by a driver who ran a red light in 2002. She was thirty-one years old and a mother of two, a high-school chemistry teacher and basketball coach in Oxford, Ohio. She was on her way to a teacher-training workshop on a Saturday morning when her light turned green.
There was a young man who was 21 years old. And he ran the red light going 55 miles an hour. And he T-boned her car and Sarah was killed instantly.
The Oberhausers believe there's a way to prevent crashes like the one that killed their daughter: automated cameras that keep an eye on intersections twenty-four-seven. So even when police aren't there, drivers think twice before running a light. And the proof that they work, according to the Oberhausers, is a forty-minute drive from their farmhouse … in Ohio's state capital.
The City of Columbus installed its first red-light camera at this intersection in 2006. Since then, it's put cameras at more than three dozen other intersections. And at locations with cameras, right-angle crashes fell 74% between 2005 and 2008.
We have significantly altered driver behavior for the good here in Columbus, Ohio.
George Speaks is the city's public safety director — and a red-light camera evangelist.
Do we have less folks trying to beat the yellow and running lights? And the answer to that is, absolutely. We have over seventy percent less citations than we used to.
Columbus drivers haven't turned into angels. But when one does run a red light at an intersection with cameras, it's captured in a twelve-second video clip.
You'll note that the red light has been red for a number of seconds, prior to the car coming into the intersection. It's been red now for what, three thousand, four thousand… and the driver, jeopardizing everyone
The cameras send those videos — and high-resolution photos of the vehicles from behind — to a private contractor. It identifies who owns the car and sends that information back to the Columbus Police Department. There, cops like Lieutenant Brent Mull review the evidence.
Is he safe? Right there. I'm going to say he made a safe turn. He did look, he was in control of his vehicle, there was no pedestrians, and no other cross vehicular traffic…. Um, I'm going to reject that. This is for safety. It's not about revenue for me.
The private contractor mails citations to drivers — who can pay the ninety five dollar fine … or request a hearing. The contractor processes the fines … and gets to keep about thirty percent.
For– a government entity, it is zero dollars to set up. The company up-fronts all the money. In exchange, they receive a percentage. It allows us as a division of police to concentrate, quite frankly, on– more violent crime.
Studies of red-light cameras effect on crashes aren't conclusive. Most evidence shows that they cut down on right angle crashes – which tend to be severe. But some research shows that they may lead to more crashes overall – because drivers who slam on the brakes to avoid running lights may be getting into more rear-end collisions. Either way, a lot of motorists just don't like traffic cameras.
This is probably the most controversial subject matter I've ever dealt with in my 20-plus years of experience in government.
But automated cameras don't just watch out for red-light runners — they're also used to nab Speeders.
Communities, some communities, have quite frankly used these as speed traps.
Speed cameras need to be calibrated regularly and the video they capture just show cars driving away – which isn't as convincing as an image of a light that's red. Columbus has only used Speed cameras in school zones, when a cop is present. But other Ohio municipalities have deployed them more aggressively. Like Elmwood Place, just outside Cincinnati.
There's one main drag through the town and the police chief has said drivers used to FLY through here. But he didn't have the officers to issue tickets, So after a couple accidents, the town decided to install some automated speed enforcement cameras. Within a few months, that had led to thousands of citations and hundreds of thousands of dollars in fines.
Motorists filed a class action lawsuit arguing that those fines violated their due-process rights.
Michael Allen is a former prosecutor and municipal judge in Cincinnati and the lawyer who represented those drivers.
You know, when somebody challenges a speeding citation, which rarely happens, but if it does, that police officer has to raise his right arm and testify that the device he used, the laser radar was properly calibrated, that he is properly trained, that he is certain that the person that is charged is the person that was driving that vehicle. You don't have these in the speed camera cases.
A county judge agreed – he called the cameras "a high-tech game of 3 CARD MONTY… a scam that the motorists can't win" and ordered Elmwood Place to remove the cameras. And pay back the fines. And generating income from those fines was why the village installed cameras in the first place, according to Allen.
It's all about revenue. You're seeing a trend in this country towards policing for profit. And that's not what law enforcement is supposed to be about.
We sat down with the Oberhausers. Their daughter was killed in a side-on collision. Could you look at them and make a due process argument to people who are grieved that their adult daughter was killed?
I think I could. I would do it very respectfully, though, You see so many times in the criminal justice system where you have the families– of people that have suffered horrible tragedies, and legislators will rush to change laws because of that. And at the end of the day, those laws actually are counterproductive and contrary to due process.
In December, Allen watched Governor John Kasich sign a law that effectively bans automatic enforcement cameras. It requires a law enforcement officer to be … "present at the location of the device at all times during the operation of the device…"
Municipalities said … that defeats the purpose of the cameras and makes them too expensive to use. Columbus officials argued that complying with the law would cost the city more than twelve million dollars a year.
It's one of at least five municipalities that have filed lawsuits arguing that the camera law violates Ohio's state constitution and should be overturned. Judges in several counties issued stays that allowed cities, like Dayton, to keep using their traffic cameras. But they've been turned off in much of the state, including Columbus.
Camera advocates Paul and Sue Oberhauser say they're sad and disappointed the bill passed and hope Ohio courts overturn it. They've continued their fight in other states considering legislation that would curtail automatic enforcement cameras.
I'm Paul Oberhauser and actually I'm here with my wife Sue…
They're co-chairs of a pro-camera group that's partially funded by camera companies. But they argue that support hasn't changed their message one bit.
We're not rich. We can't go out and fund our message. And– what being with the coalition has done is it's given us the ability to access data from all over the country.
You know, last year we killed almost 700 people running red lights, innocent people one at a time and nobody wants to do anything about it.
The fate of automatic enforcement cameras in Ohio is likely to be decided by the State's Supreme Court.
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