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MEXICO CITY | The president-elect of Mexico, Enrique Pena Nieto, said Tuesday Mexico should have a debate about legalizing and regulating the sale of drugs here, an approach advocated by some other Latin American leaders to take marijuana sale profits out of the hands of the drug cartels.
While insisting he was not in favor of legalizing drugs himself, he said, “I’m in favor of opening a new debate in the strategy in the way we fight drug trafficking. It is quite clear that after several years of this fight against drug trafficking, we have more drug consumption, drug use and drug trafficking. That means we are not moving in the right direction. Things are not working.”
“I’m not saying we should legalize,” he repeated. “But we should debate in Congress, in the hemisphere and especially the U.S. should participate in this broad debate.”
“So let the debate begin, but you’re not taking a position yet?” I asked.
“That’s right,” he said.
The Obama administration has responded warily to such talk from its southern neighbors. Yet two weeks ago, the president of Uruguay sent just such a proposal to his legislature — for the government to effectively become the sole seller of marijuana — saying “the traditional [interdiction] approach hasn’t worked” and “someone has to be the first” to try it.
On other points, though, Pena Nieto sent reassuring messages to Washington. He said his plans to refocus the drug war to reduce violence suffered by the Mexican people will not mean abandoning the pursuit of drug kingpins shipping vast quantities of drugs to the United States. Two weeks ago, at a House hearing, Rep. James Sensenbrenner, R-Wis., accused Pena Nieto of advocating “a reversion” to the old policies of “turning a blind eye to the cartels” as long as they weren’t perpetrating the grisly violence.
Pena Nieto jumped at the chance to correct the record, saying, “I know there is a concern around this issue, in terms of assuming this adjustment sold mean not going after drug cartels involved in drug trafficking. No, absolutely not.”
While saying he wants to intensify cooperation with the U.S. government on many fronts, he sent one strong zinger Washington’s way. The issue: the Obama administration’s failure to do anything major to stop the flood of U.S.-made assault weapons that have wreaked such deadly havoc in Mexico. “We have been insisting on getting the U.S. more involved in fighting arms control. Unfortunately, it has had no impact.”
It’s a message current Mexican President Felipe Calderon has been harping on. It seems clear President Obama is going to hear it from Mexico’s new president as well.
Pena Nieto had more to say about allegations of voter fraud, the drug war and his ideas for economic reforms:
On allegations of voting fraud from opposition candidate Andres Manuel Obrador Lopez of the Party of the Democratic Revolution:
ENRIQUE PENA NIETO: I believe that in our country, fortunately, we have democratic institutions that are very solid and reliable. We have electoral tribunals which will be responsible for addressing these issues and attending to these complaints, the ones filed by candidate Lopez Obrador. I am convinced that it was a truly exemplary process where more than 50 million – over 50 million Mexicans participated with a difference of more than 3.2 million votes.
On refocusing the drug war:
ENRIQUE PENA NIETO: I will maintain the presence of a Mexican Army, and the Navy and police in the states of the Mexican Republic, where the problem of crime has increased. We will adjust the strategy so that we can focus on certain type of crimes, like kidnapping, homicide, extortion, which today, unfortunately, have worsened or increased, because we have a lot of impunity in some areas. The state’s task is to achieve more efficiency, and to go back to the rule of law and enforce laws strictly in our country.
On controlling weapons trafficking from the United States:
ENRIQUE PENA NIETO: This is an issue that has been surrounded by a high level of debate. And we have insisting on getting the U.S. more involved in fighting arms control. Unfortunately it has had no impact. The problem has killed thousands of Mexicans, unfortunately. And it is an issue that, without a doubt, is unsolved yet. We have not seen a good level of efficiency by the U.S. in terms of better controlling arms trafficking – I’m talking about high-caliber weapons – into our country.
On economic reforms:
ENRIQUE PENA NIETO: I’m fully convinced that the PRI (his Institutional Revolutionary Party) — on this effort to promote competitiveness, more credit, fighting monopolies and pushing the energy reform I’m committed to — that the PRI will push it, will allow it to gain more social support. And that will also allow my political party to increase its capacity to push these initiatives. It is clear that in order to achieve this objective, we will have to reach agreements with our political forces to be able to push these reforms, to participate and become part of this effort to modernize our country.
Related Coverage: Legalizing Drugs: Why Some Latin American Leaders Are OK With It
Watch the full interview with Mexican President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto, which aired on Tuesday’s NewsHour:
View all of the NewsHour team’s Mexico coverage.
Ms. Warner is one of five senior correspondents who join Jim Lehrer on PBS's nightly news program - the PBS NewsHour - reporting on, and interviewing, the men and women who are shaping today's world.
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