FRONTLINE Investigates the Battle for Control of America’s Highest Court in “Supreme Revenge”
In "Supreme Revenge," FRONTLINE goes inside the war for control of the Supreme Court – from Brett Kavanaugh to Robert Bork. The film investigates how a 30-year-old grievance transformed the Court and turned confirmations into bitter, partisan conflicts. This image is of the Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C. Credit: REUTERS/Molly Riley
Tues., May 21, 2019, at 10/9c on PBS & online
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The bitter, partisan battle that played out during Brett Kavanaugh’s Supreme Court confirmation hearings reflected deep divisions in Washington that may seem unique to America’s current political and social moment.
But as a new FRONTLINE investigation reveals, the intense politicization on display during the Supreme Court confirmation process — and the transformation of the Court itself — has been a shift decades in the making.
In Supreme Revenge, premiering Tuesday, May 21, 2019, at 10/9c on PBS, PBS.org/frontline, and the PBS Video App, FRONTLINE’s acclaimed political team draws on dozens of interviews with key current and former U.S. senators — including Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME), Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Heidi Heitkamp (D-ND) — White House and congressional staffers, insiders from multiple presidential administrations, legal experts, authors and journalists to investigate how America reached this moment.
A central player, the film finds, is Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY). For the Senate Majority Leader, the confirmation of Kavanaugh — despite Christine Blasey Ford’s allegation that Kavanaugh sexually assaulted her in the 1980s — was a crowning achievement in a career spent building a more conservative Court. It was also the culmination of a vow to retaliate for what McConnell saw as the unfair treatment of President Ronald Reagan’s Supreme Court nominee Robert Bork by Democrats back in the late 1980s.
“From Bork to Kavanaugh, our film tells the essential political history of how a 30-year-old grievance transformed the Court and turned confirmations into vehemently partisan conflicts,” says FRONTLINE filmmaker Michael Kirk (Trump’s Showdown, Divided States of America and The Choice 2016).
Supreme Revenge begins by tracing how Bork’s failed nomination in 1987 sparked a desire for revenge from McConnell that would ultimately help shape the Court for decades to come. Alarmed by Bork’s record on civil rights and social issues, liberal Democrats launched protests, phone banks, and attack ads in an effort to prevent his confirmation. But to McConnell, then a first-term senator, and other Republicans, it was an unfair attack based on Bork’s conservative ideology.
“It was the first moment that you saw all-out war over a Supreme Court nominee,” Republican pollster Frank Luntz tells FRONTLINE. “It really was the first example of the politics of destruction of the modern era.”
As the film recounts, McConnell vowed that he and his Republican colleagues would retaliate. And they did: “The forces for Bork who suffered that very painful defeat didn’t give up, didn’t go home to sulk,” Linda Greenhouse of The New York Times tells FRONTLINE. “They went underground and built an infrastructure to create a new reality, a new reality for our judicial politics…”
Supreme Revenge explores the development of a key force in that new reality: the Federalist Society, a conservative legal group that has impacted legislative agendas across the country and become one of the most powerful players in Washington — where some say they played a crucial role in helping to get Donald Trump elected.
“I don’t think he would be president without that list,” Trump’s former campaign manager and chief strategist Steve Bannon tells FRONTLINE, referring to a list of Federalist Society-approved potential Supreme Court nominees that candidate Trump pledged to pick from, in a McConnell-supported effort to win over skeptical conservatives.
Like so many of McConnell’s efforts involving the judiciary, it worked. The documentary traces how McConnell exacted his Supreme Revenge and built a more conservative Court over the years. He developed a playbook for decrying sexual assault allegations as political smears through the Clarence Thomas hearings. He prevented Obama nominee Merrick Garland from even receiving a confirmation hearing. And finally, the film explores how McConnell doubled down on supporting Kavanaugh as Ford’s testimony transfixed much of America and as Kavanaugh, who strongly denied her allegations, fought back using partisan lines of attack.
Offering both critical context on the state of America’s judicial system and a gripping political narrative, Supreme Revenge is a must-watch look at how McConnell and the Federalist Society have come to dominate the Supreme Court — possibly for long into the future.
In tandem with the premiere of Supreme Revenge, and as part of the FRONTLINE Transparency Project, FRONTLINE will publish a digital collection of 39 original video and text interviews used in making the film, including key figures such as Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME), Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), and former Sens. Jeff Flake (R-AZ), Heidi Heitkamp (D-ND), and Alan Simpson (R-WY). Along with former Trump advisor Steve Bannon, NPR’s Nina Totenberg and Harvard Law Professor Laurence Tribe, they share firsthand insights from three decades of Supreme Court confirmation battles, culminating in the vote over nominee Brett Kavanaugh.
Supreme Revenge premieres Tuesday, May 21, at 10/9c on PBS and online at pbs.org/frontline.
Supreme Revenge is a FRONTLINE Production with Kirk Documentary Group, Ltd. The director is Michael Kirk. The producers are Michael Kirk, Mike Wiser, Jim Gilmore, Gabrielle Schonder, and Philip Bennett. The writers are Michael Kirk and Mike Wiser. The reporters are Jim Gilmore and Gabrielle Schonder. The executive producer of FRONTLINE is Raney Aronson-Rath.
FRONTLINE, U.S. television’s longest running investigative documentary series, explores the issues of our times through powerful storytelling. FRONTLINE has won every major journalism and broadcasting award, including 91 Emmy Awards and 22 Peabody Awards. Visit pbs.org/frontline and follow us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, Tumblr and Google+ to learn more. FRONTLINE is produced by WGBH Boston and is broadcast nationwide on PBS. Funding for FRONTLINE is provided through the support of PBS viewers and by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Major funding for FRONTLINE is provided by The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Ford Foundation. Additional funding is provided by the Abrams Foundation, the Park Foundation, the John and Helen Glessner Family Trust, and the FRONTLINE Journalism Fund with major support from Jon and Jo Ann Hagler on behalf of the Jon L. Hagler Foundation.
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